Roman emperor Theodosius, AD 379-395.
    His complete AE ancient-coin type set (with photos below).

     This page is part of a larger site: "Guide to Late Roman AE Coin Types" (http://augustuscoins.com/ed/ricix/

size     Theodosius Type Set
Description (linked to the image below on this page)
Type number
linked to the
type page
rarity
3 GLORIA ROMANORVM   emp. drags captive          5   C  
4 VICTORIA AVGGG   Victory adv left         12   C
3 VICTORIA AVGGG    Vict adv l (AE3, not AE4)         14   R
3 CONCORDIA AVGGG   Roma std hd left         15   S
3 CONCORDIA AVGGG   Con. std hd right         16   C
4 CONCORDIA AVGGG   Con. std hd right         17  R4
2 REPARATIO REIPVB  emp raises kneeling female         18   C
3 VIRTVS ROMANORVM Roma std l         19  R2
2 GLORIA ROMANORVM  emp on galley         20   C
4 VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in wreath         24   R
4 VOT / XV / MVLT / XX in wreath         25   R
4 VOT / X / MVLT / XX in wreath         26   C
4 VOT / V / MVLT / X in wreath         28   C
4 VOT / V in wreath         29   S
2 VIRTVS EXERCITI  emp stg r, foot on captive         31   C
4 VICTORIA AVG(GG)  two Victories facing each other         33   S
3 VIRTVS AVGGG  emp on galley left         34   S
3 GLORIA REIPVBLICE  camp gate (obv bust left)         37   R
4 GLORIA REIPVBLICE  camp gate         38   S
4 SALVS REIPVBLICAE   Vict l drags captive         39   C 
3 SPES REIPVBLICAE  emp l, hd r., foot on captive left         40  R4
2 GLORIA ROMANORVM  emp w. std and globe         41   C
3 GLORIA ROMANORVM  emp on horseback         42   C

All references to RIC (Roman Imperial Coinage) are to volume IX. References to "DO" are to Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, by Philip Grierson and Melinda Mays.  
 


Type 5

AE3.  GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor right drags captive and holds labarum
364-388   [RIC also lists it in the period 388-392 at Trier]

Theodosius
18-16 mm. 6:00. 2.49 grams.
RIC Aquileia 45b1

Go to the page on this type, Type 5.

 

Type 12

Siscia

AE4.  VICTORIA AVGGG
Victory advancing left with wreath and palm
375-395

Theodosius
14 mm. 6:00. 1.08 grams. 
ESIS
RIC Siscia 39b1 ("S" but now common)

Go to the page on this type, Type 12.

 

Type 14

AE3. VICTORIA AVGGG
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
378-383
[No image for Theodosius. 
Here is one for Valentinian II:]   

Valentinian II
18-16 mm. 12:30. 2.79 grams.  
SMAQP  
RIC Aquileia 34c1, page 101 "R, 378-383"

Comment: This AE3 type is very rare and seldom offered. Do not confuse it with the similar AE4, Type 12, which is very common, especially from the Siscia mint. Go to the page on this type, Type 14.

 

Type 15

Theodosius, Siscia

AE3.  CONCORDIA AVGGG
Roma seated front, head left, holding globe left (in her right hand, on the viewer's left), and holding partly-seen reversed spear (in her left hand, on the viewer's right).
378-383

Theodosius
18mm. 12:00. 2.29 grams.
RIC Siscia 27d2

This type is often not distinguished properly from Type 16, which has the same legend and general appearance, but head and globe right.  For example, RIC Her 16 says "Roma's head right, foot on prow" which makes it Constantinopolis as type 16. Also, RIC Con 56a (page 227) says "? [sic] Constantinopolis, seated facing, head l., holding globe and partly seen spear, r. leg bare." Since the leg apparently does not rest on a prow, I would attribute that as Roma and therefore Type 15 (this type), not Type 16 which has Constantinopolis seated, head and globe right. Go to the page on this type, Type 15.

 

Type 16
Theodosius

AE3.  CONCORDIA AVGGG
Constantinopolis seated, helmeted head right, holding reversed spear and holding globe right, with her right foot on a tiny prow.  [A variety, next, has no globe, with her left leg forward (as opposed to her right leg forward as illustrated here).]
378-383

Theodosius
18 mm. 11:30. 2.90 grams
ANTB
RIC Antioch 47c6


This type is often not distinguished properly from Type 15 above, which has the same legend and general appearance, but head and globe left.

 

Theodosius
18 mm. 6:00. 2.91 grans
ANTΔ
RIC Antioch 44b (minor variety. RIC does not list Δ)

Go to the page on this type, Type16.

 

Type 17:  AE4.  CONCORDIA AVGGG
Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, foot on prow, holding sceptre.  [Type as the AE3 type 16 above, but smaller.]

[no photo]

mint RIC T
Tr 72 R4

RIC photo: T (Tr 72) III.16 is 14mm and full flan. It looks official, not imitation, but a type "R4" from a single mint can not be a main issue.

Go to the page on this type, Type17.


Type 18

AE2.  REPARATIO REIPVB
Emperor raises kneeling female rt., emperor holds Victory on globe in left.
378-388

Theodosius
23 mm. 1:00. 5.14 grams.
*BSISC
RIC Siscia 26c6

Go to the page on this type, Type18.

 

Type 19: 
 
AE3.  VIRTVS ROMANORVM
Roma seated facing, head left, holding globe and reversed spear
378-383

[No image for Theodosius. Here is one for Gratian:]

Gratian  
18 mm. 11:00. 2.35 grams.  
ANTA in exergue.  Θ left, Φ right field.  RIC Antioch 50a

Only for Gratian, except for very rare examples for Theodosius and extremely rare examples for Valentinian II. Go to the page on this type, Type19.

 
 

Type 20
CONA
AE2.  GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor in galley left, Victory at helm.
378-388


Theodosius
AE23. 6:00. 5.43 grams.
CONA, wreath in field left.
RIC Con 52c3.

Go to the page on this type, Type 20.

 

Type 24
24AE4.  VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath
378-383   (These are vows of Gratian)
                                                                   
[No image for Theodosius. Here is one for Gratian:]

Gratian.
14 mm. 5:00. 0.91 grams.
CONB*, RIC Constantinople 64a

 

Variant type 24A:  
VOT X MVLT XXX  
VOT / X / MVLT / XXX in wreath. 

Theodosius
14-12mm. 12:00. 1.31 grams. 
RIC IX, Antioch 57, "R5."

This type is in RIC only at Antioch and only this issue, recorded as unique. Because it was not issued at other mints, at first I thought this was simply an engraver's error for VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX, but this example has the "X" well-engraved right in the center -- it looks intentional. Cayon T-77 (0). Go to the page on this type, Type 24.

 


Type 25

T


AE4.  VOT / XV / MVLT / XX  in wreath  (large module)
378-383

Theodosius
15 mm. 12:00. 1.21 grams
SMRB
RIC Rome 51d2

Go to the page on this type, type 25.

 

Type 26
T
AE4.  VOT / X / MVLT / XX in wreath
378-388  [RIC]    [DO emphasizes 387]


Theodosius I
13 mm. 1.52 grams
ANB
RIC Antioch 56c

Go to the page on this type, type 26.

 

Type 28
T

AE4.  VOT / V / MVLT / X  in wreath.
378-388.

Theodosius
17 mm (unusually large). 6:00. 1.39 grams.
(Usually this type is 15 mm)
ASISC•
RIC Siscia 29d3

Return to the page on this type, type 28
.

 

Type 29

TheodosiusAE4. VOT / V in wreath.
383-388.


 Theodosius
 13 mm. 1.56 grams. 12:00
  ANTA  [last "A" unclear]
 Antioch --  [unlisted for Theodosius
 cf. RIC Antioch 55 for Arcadius]
  "379-383"  Go to the page on this type, Type 29.

 

Type 31

AE2.  VIRTVS EXERCITI
Emperor standing right, spurning captive, holding standard and globe.
383-388  [RIC]   386-393  [DO]
 

Theodosius
23-22 mm. 6:30. 4.27 grams.
SMKB
RIC Cyzicus 25b2

Go to the page on this type, Type 31.

 

Type 33

TheodosiusAE4.  VICTORIA AVGGG or VICTORIA AVG [only at Thessalonica] 
Two victories facing each other, each holding a wreath.
383-388.


Theodosius
13 mm. 12:00. 1.38 grams.
RIC Rome 57c
VICTORIA AVGGG
RT, dot in middle of flan

one "G"  

Theodosius
14 mm. 12:30. 1.27 grams.
VICTORIA AVG
TESB
RIC Thessalonica 63b1, page 187, plate X.19



  Theodosius
  14-13 mm. 12:00. 0.80 grams.
  VICTORIA AVGG
  RIC IX unlisted, but cf. Thessalonica 63b1, page 187 with one "G".
  Plate X.19 is similar, but with only one "G".
  This one has 2 G's, and I suppose possibly a third at or below the exergual line
  TESB(? The top of a "B" is visible, but not so clear it is certainly a B.)
  Go to the page on this type, Type 33.

 
 

Type 34

AE3.  VIRTVS AVGGG, only at Thessalonica.
Emperor on galley left, holding phoenix on globe, Victory at helm.
384-388

Theodosius
17 mm. 5:30. 2.15 grams.
TEX in ex. Δ in field left.
RIC Thessalonica 61b


Go to the page on this type, Type 34.

 

Type 37.

37AE3. GLORIA REIPVBLICE
Camp gate, cross-rho above, TES in exergue
Obverse with consular bust left. [The reverse is the same as type 38, next, but the flan is a bit larger.]
385 [DO, dated 385 because of the consular bust. p. 108]


Theodosius
16 mm. 3.07 grams. 6:00.
TES
RIC Thessalonica 59b

Struck for Valentinian II, Theodosius, and Arcadius. Only at Thessalonica.

RIC says "scarce" but I say "rare" and seldom offered. From the very small sample of all the coins of this this type offered over the last 30 years, Theodosius examples may be the most available.

RIC photo:  V2-X.13.
RIC 384-388. "After the restoration of the mint to Valentinian II," p. 184. There had been a "Temporary occupation of the mint by Theodosius: ?c. 25 Aug. A.D. 383 - ?c. autumn of A.D. 384." p. 183.

RIC p. xxxiv "year of Theodosius's consulship and decennial commemoration."
"refuge of Valentinian II in Thessalonica from Maximus for a few months" Pierce, NC 1934, p. 121.

Go to the page on this type, Type 37.


Type 38:

TheodosiusAE4. GLORIA REIPVBLICE
Camp gate.
383-388
Only from Thessalonica.
The normal obverse (this type) is bust right. The AE3 variety, type 37 above, has a consular bust left and is a little larger.


Theodosius
14 mm. 12:00. 1.62 grams.
RIC Thessalonic 62b2

Struck for Theodosius, Valentinian II, and Arcadius. Go to the page on this type, Type 38.


Type 39

CyzicusAE4.  SALVS REIPVBLICAE
Victory left drags capitive.
388-403  [RIC]     386-403 [DO, p. 113]
 

Theodosius
14mm. 12:00. 1.38 grams.
mm: SMKA
RIC Cyzicus 26b

Struck for Valentinian II, Theodosius, Arcadius, and Honorius. Go to the page on this type, Type 39.

 

Type 40
Theodosius
AE3.  SPES REIPVBLICAE
Emperor standing left, holding standard and globe, spurning captive to left.
388-391  [DO]   388-393  [RIC]


Theodosius
17 mm. 2.08 grams. 6:00.
RE mintmark.
RIC Rome 63b5, plate VIII.112
Their coin is not even Fine. This type is R4 in RIC. It is extremely rare. Struck for Theodosius, Valentinian II, and Arcadius. Unlike some other types, this one has not become noticably more common in recent decades. Go to the page on this type, Type 40.

 

Type 41
Alexandria
AE2.  GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor standing facing, head right, holding standard and globe.
393-395 [DO, because Honorius was elevated Jan. 22 (?), 393]   392-395  [RIC]  


Theodosius
21-20 mm. 5.89 grams
mm: ALEA
RIC Alexandria 21b

Struck for Theodosius, Arcadius, and Honorius. Go to the page for Type 41.

 

Type 42
Theodosius
AE3.  GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor on horseback right.
393-395 [DO]

 
 Theodosius.
16 mm.  12:30.  2.23 grams.
RIC Cyzicus 29

Struck for Theodosius, Arcadius, and Honorius. Go to the page on this type, Type 42.

 

This completes the type set of Theodosius AE.

Go to the page with links to type sets of other late Roman emperors.

Return to the main page on late Roman AE types.