Roman emperor Theodosius, AD 379-395, AE ancient-coin type set.
Table of all copper types for Theodosius. This page is part of a larger site: "Guide to Late Roman AE Coin Types" (http://augustuscoins.com/ed/ricix/)
Type descriptions link to the image on this page. ID numbers link to the "type" pages which illustrate examples for all the emperors who issued the type.
|size||type description (link to image below)||ID||rarity|
|3||GLORIA ROMANORVM emp. drags captive||5||C|
|4||VICTORIA AVGGG Victory adv left||12||C|
|3||VICTORIA AVGGG Vict adv l (AE3, not AE4)||14||R|
|3||CONCORDIA AVGGG Roma std hd left||15||S|
|3||CONCORDIA AVGGG Con. std hd right||16||C|
|4||CONCORDIA AVGGG Con. std hd right||17||R4|
|2||REPARATIO REIPVB emp raises kneeling female||18||C|
|3||VIRTVS ROMANORVM Roma std l||19||R2|
|2||GLORIA ROMANORVM emp on galley||20||C|
|4||VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in wreath||24||R|
|4||VOT / XV / MVLT / XX in wreath||25||R|
|4||VOT / X / MVLT / XX in wreath||26||C|
|4||VOT / V / MVLT / X in wreath||28||C|
|4||VOT / V in wreath||29||S|
|2||VIRTVS EXERCITI emp stg r, foot on captive||31||C|
|4||VICTORIA AVG(GG) two Victories facing each other||33||S|
|3||VIRTVS AVGGG emp on galley left||34||S|
|3||GLORIA REIPVBLICE camp gate (obv bust left)||37||R|
|4||GLORIA REIPVBLICE camp gate||38||S|
|4||SALVS REIPVBLICAE Vict l drags captive||39||C|
|3||SPES REIPVBLICAE emp l, hd r., foot on captive left||40||R4|
|2||GLORIA ROMANORVM emp w. std and globe||41||C|
|3||GLORIA ROMANORVM emp on horseback||42||C|
Type 5: AE3. GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor right drags captive and holds labarum
364-388 [RIC also lists it in the period 388-392 at Trier]
18-16 mm. 6:00. 2.49 grams.
RIC Aquileia 45b1
Go to the page on this type, Type 5.
Type 12: AE4. VICTORIA AVGGG
Victory advancing left with wreath and palm
14 mm. 6:00. 1.08 grams.
RIC Siscia 39b1 ("S" but now common)
Go to the page on this type, Type 12.
Type 14: AE3. VICTORIA AVGGG
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
[No image. Here is one for Valentinian II:]
Valentinian II, 18-16 mm. 12:30. 2.79 grams. SMAQP RIC Aquileia 34c1, page 101 "R, 378-383"
Comment: This AE3 type is very rare and seldom offered. Do not confuse it with the similar AE4, Type 12, which is very common, especially from the Siscia mint.
Go to the page on this type, Type 14.
Type 15: AE3. CONCORDIA AVGGG
Roma seated front, head left, holding globe left (in her right hand, on the viewer's left), and holding partly-seen reversed spear (in her left hand, on the viewer's right).
18mm. 12:00. 2.29 grams.
RIC Siscia 27d2
This type is often not distinguished properly from Type 16, which has the same legend and general appearance, but head and globe right. For example, RIC Her 16 says "Roma's head right, foot on prow" which makes it Constantinopolis as type 16. Also, RIC Con 56a (page 227) says "? [sic] Constantinopolis, seated facing, head l., holding globe and partly seen spear, r. leg bare." Since the leg apparently does not rest on a prow, I would attribute that as Roma and therefore Type 15 (this type), not Type 16 which has Constantinopolis seated, head and globe right.
Go to the page on this type, Type 15.
Type 16: AE3. CONCORDIA AVGGG
Constantinopolis seated, helmeted head right, holding reversed spear and holding globe right, with her right foot on a tiny prow.
[a variety has no globe, with her left leg forward (as opposed to her right leg forward as illustrated here).]
18 mm. 11:30. 2.90 grams
RIC Antioch 47c6
This type is often not distinguished properly from Type 15 above, which has the same legend and general appearance, but head and globe left.
18 mm. 6:00. 2.91 grans
RIC Antioch 44b (minor variety. RIC does not list Δ)
Go to the page on this type, Type16.
Type 17: AE4. CONCORDIA AVGGG
Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, foot on prow, holding sceptre. [Type as the AE3 type 16 above, but smaller.]
RIC photo: T (Tr 72) III.16 is 14mm and full flan. It looks official, not imitation, but a type "R4" from a single mint can not be a main issue.
Go to the page on this type, Type17.
Type 18: AE2. REPARATIO REIPVB
Emperor raises kneeling female rt., emperor holds Victory on globe in left.
23 mm. 1:00. 5.14 grams.
RIC Siscia 26c6
Go to the page on this type, Type18.
Type 19: AE3. VIRTVS ROMANORVM
Roma seated facing, head left, holding globe and reversed spear
Only for Gratian, except for very rare examples for Theodosius and extremely rare examples for Valentinian II.
[No image. Here is one for Gratian:]
Gratian. 18 mm. 11:00. 2.35 grams. ANTA in exergue. Θ left, Φ right field. RIC Antioch 50a
Go to the page on this type, Type19.
Type 20: AE2. GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor in galley left, Victory at helm.
AE23. 6:00. 5.43 grams.
CONA, wreath in field left.
RIC Con 52c3.
Go to the page on this type, Type 20.
Type 24: AE4. VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath
378-383 (These are vows of Gratian)
[No image. Here is one for Gratian:]
Gratian. 14 mm. 5:00. 0.91 grams. CONB*, RIC Constantinople 64a
Variant type 24A: VOT / X / MVLT / XXX in wreath. RIC IX, Ant 57, "R5."
14-12mm. 12:00. 1.31 grams.
RIC IX, Antioch 57, "R5."
This type is in RIC only at Antioch and only this issue, recorded as unique. Because it was not issued at other mints, at first I thought this was simply an engraver's error for VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX, but this example has the "X" well-engraved right in the center -- it looks intentional. Cayon T-77 (0).
Go to the page on this type, Type 24.
Type 25: AE4. VOT / XV / MVLT / XX in wreath (large module)
15 mm. 12:00. 1.21 grams
RIC Rome 51d2
Go to the page on this type, type 25.
Type 26: AE4. VOT / X / MVLT / XX in wreath
378-388 [RIC] [DO emphasizes 387]
13 mm. 1.52 grams
RIC Antioch 56c
Return to the page on this type, type 26.
Type 28: AE4. VOT / V / MVLT / X in wreath.
17 mm (unusually large). 6:00. 1.39 grams.
(Usually this type is 15 mm)
RIC Siscia 29d3
Return to the page on this type, type 28.
Type 29: AE4. VOT / V in wreath.
13 mm. 1.56 grams. 12:00
ANTA [last "A" unclear]
Antioch -- [unlisted for Theodosius
cf. RIC Antioch 55 for Arcadius]
Go to the page on this type, Type 29.
Type 31: AE2. VIRTVS EXERCITI
Emperor standing right, spurning captive, holding standard and globe.
383-388 [RIC] 386-393 [DO]
23-22 mm. 6:30. 4.27 grams.
RIC Cyzicus 25b2
Go to the page on this type, Type 31.
Type 33: AE4. VICTORIA AVGGG
Two victories facing each other, each holding a wreath.
or VICTORIA AVG [only at Thessalonica]
13 mm. 12:00. 1.38 grams.
RIC Rome 57c
RT, dot in middle of flan
14 mm. 12:30. 1.27 grams.
RIC Thessalonica 63b1, page 187, plate X.19
14-13 mm. 12:00. 0.80 grams.
RIC IX unlisted, but cf. Thessalonica 63b1, page 187 with one "G".
Plate X.19 is similar, but with only one "G".
This one has 2 G's, and I suppose possibly a third at or below the exergual line
TESB(? The top of a "B" is visible, but not so clear it is certainly a B.)
High gloss green patina.
Go to the page on this type, Type 33.
Type 34: AE3. VIRTVS AVGGG
Emperor on galley left, holding phoenix on globe, Victory at helm.
Only at Thessalonica.
17 mm. 5:30. 2.15 grams.
TEX in ex. Δ in field left.
RIC Thessalonica 61b
Go to the page on this type, Type 34.
Type 37. AE3. GLORIA REIPVBLICE
Camp gate, cross-rho above, TES in exergue
Obverse with consular bust left. [The reverse is the same as type 38, next, but the flan is a bit larger.]
385 [DO, dated 385 because of the consular bust. p. 108]
16 mm. 3.07 grams. 6:00.
RIC Thessalonica 59b
Struck for Valentinian II, Theodosius, and Arcadius. Only at Thessalonica.
RIC says "scarce" but I say "rare" and seldom offered. From the very small sample of all the coins of this this type offered over the last 30 years, Theodosius examples may be the most available.
RIC photo: V2-X.13.
RIC 384-388. "After the restoration of the mint to Valentinian II," p. 184. There had been a "Temporary occupation of the mint by Theodosius: ?c. 25 Aug. A.D. 383 - ?c. autumn of A.D. 384." p. 183.
RIC p. xxxiv "year of Theodosius's consulship and decennial commemoration."
"refuge of Valentinian II in Thessalonica from Maximus for a few months" Pierce, NC 1934, p. 121.
Go to the page on this type, Type 37.
Type 38: AE4. GLORIA REIPVBLICE
Only from Thessalonica.
The normal obverse (this type) is bust right. The AE3 variety, type 37 above, has a consular bust left and is a little larger.
14 mm. 12:00. 1.62 grams.
RIC Thessalonic 62b2
Go to the page on this type, Type 38.
Type 39: AE4. SALVS REIPVBLICAE
Victory left drags capitive.
388-403 [RIC] 386-403 [DO, p. 113]
14mm. 12:00. 1.38 grams.
RIC Cyzicus 26b
Go to the page on this type, Type 39.
Type 40: AE3. SPES REIPVBLICAE
Emperor standing left, holding standard and globe, spurning captive to left.
388-391 [DO] 388-393 [RIC]
17 mm. 2.08 grams. 6:00.
RIC Rome 63b5, plate VIII.112
(their coin is not even Fine)
This type is R4 in RIC. Unlike some other types, this one has not become noticably more common in recent decades. It is extremely rare.
Go to the page on this type, Type 40.
Type 41: AE2. GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor standing facing, head right, holding standard and globe.
393-395 [DO, because Honorius was elevated Jan. 22 (?), 393] 392-395 [RIC]
21-20 mm. 5.89 grams
RIC Alexandria 21b
Go to the page for Type 41.
Type 42: AE3. GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor on horseback right.
16 mm. 12:30. 2.23 grams.
RIC Cyzicus 29
Go to the page on this type, Type 42.
This completes the type set of Theodosius AE.
Return to the main page on late Roman AE types.