Interesting ancient coins

: This main page has Roman coins and some of newest listings from other series too, at the top.  For late Roman, Byzantine, or Greek coins, or books about them, use the links to the left.         If you want $5000 or $1000 coins, shop somewhere else. 

Skip down to Republican, 1st C, 2nd C, or 3rd C 
  (Links: Caracalla, Elagablal, Severus Alexander, Gordian III, Philip, Valerian, Gallienus, Gallo-Roman, Claudius II, Tacitus)

This site: March 20:  High grade Parion with Gorgon head on the Greek page. 
March 5: Rare Maximian follis with "AVCTA KART" from Carthage (at the top)
March 4: Cilician staters on the Greek page.
March 2, 2018: Excellent Florian and Numerian, at the top.
Feb. 27: Probus ADVENTVS and Crispus with the famous coded EROS, AMOR, ROMA mintmark (at the top).
Feb. 13: Several Constantinian and Galerius
Feb. 8, 2018: Gordian III from Caesarea, Cappadocia, at the top. High grade Geta and Severus Alexander at the top of this page. Numerous AE3s of Constantine and Helena at the top of the Constantinian page.  Outstanding Turkoman figure bronze, S/S 32, at the top of the Byzantine page.
Feb. 7, 2018:  14 nice late 3rd C. coins at the top of this page.
Feb. 4: Diocletian at the top of this page. A couple more $5-$15 coins added.

wwestyc   wwestypage

Prices are in brackets: [$xx].
To order, or simply to ask me questions, write me, Warren, at 
When you write me, please tell me if you are not in the US (it changes shipping costs).
After I confirm I still have the coin, you can pay with PayPal to my e-mail address and I also accept checks.
Shipping in the US is $2 for orders under $25, $3 up to $50, $4 up to $100, and an additional dollar for each hundred thereafter. 
Shipping to other countries: Shipping is an additional $3 for orders under $200 and payment must be with PayPal. (Thick coins change an "envelope" into a "small parcel" which costs significantly more in postage. I can mail about three denarius-sized coins as an "envelope", but not large Byzantine bronze or sestertii.) I do not accept orders over $200 from abroad. When you order, please tell me which country you live in and I will get back to you with shipping before you confirm your order.
More detailed terms are here. All coins are guaranteed genuine.

Purple means "SOLD" and no longer available.

About me:  For information about Augustus Coins, click here.
Some especially interesting items:  Pertinax denarius.

Newest first (down to the second horizontal line.) After that, Roman coins are in chronological order below and other coins are on the appropriate pages--with links at the top left).

Newest.     Skip the newest coins and coins of the Republic to go down to those of the empire.


Maximian, 286-305. Struck 298-9 on his travels to Africa.
Most Carthage coins resembling this one end
but this is a very rare legend ending 
AVCTA KART  (= enriched and improved Carthage, Stevenson, page 712)
Falimezger 8
SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS AVGTA KART, Carthage standing, head left, holding fruits in both hands. B in exergue.

RIC Carthage 27B   
There are none on vcoins or MA-Shops. A search on vcoins "ACTVA KART" brings up one coin, but that one is misidentifed and clearly reads FEL KART. That is a big difference. (I wrote him about it and he fixed it)  Nice detailed portrait and clear AVCTA--the only type with this in the legend.  [$145]




Florian, 276 (less than one year), after Aurelian and before Probus
Sear III 11853. RIC 116 Cyzicus mint.
Some silvering. Lovely. High grade. [$145]



Numerian, 283-284
RIC 466. Sear III 12257
Look at the hair detail. Thin gray silvering. Lots of detail on the reverse figures.
High grade!  [$59]



Probus, 276-282
22-21 mm. Struck for his arrival in Rome in 276
RIC 158v (no "S" in field)
Sear III 11953 with bust right

Lovely rust toning [$39]



Very rare and interesting "EROS, AMOR, ROMA" mintmark
Crispus, 317-326
ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated right on shield, inscribing "XV" on shield
for the vows for 15 years of Constantine.
Mintmark: R<script E omega>CS
which can be rearranged to EROS in Greek and AMOR, which spelled backwards is ROMA, in Latin.
Doug Smith has written about this mintmark:
RIC Rome 197 "r3" (as are the other officina) and this is the only mint and only issue with this unusual coded mintmark.

Rare and fascinating!   [$125]



Greek. Panticipaeum (in th Crimea, formerly Ukraine)
314-310 BC
20 mm. 
Bearded Pan or Satyr right
Griffin left, Π A N around, sturgeon below.
Anokhin 111. 

Light tooling. Glossy surface. Very nice griffin and sturgeon.  [$39 SOLD]



Gordian III, 238-244. Silver drachm of Caesarea, Cappadocia. 18 mm.
Much like a denarius, but from the East and with Greek lettering.
Supplement your Gordian III group with something different!
Mt. Argeaus, well-centered. ET
Δ = year 4   [$59]



Geta, 198-209-211
20-17 mm.
RIC 15b "Scarce" "200-202"
A beautiful crisp young portrait. [$69]
ex Fred Shore "The Parthian" Sept. 1991 at $60.



Severus Alexander, 222-235
Jupiter holding large thunderbolt and scepter
RIC 19. BMC 89
Look at the detail!  You can see the beard on Jupiter!  [$75 SOLD]




Severus Alexander, 222-235
Denarius. 20-18 mm.
High relief portrait in EF+. What a beauty!  [$95 SOLD]
RIC 176. "222-228" BMC 480.  




Septimius Severus, 193-211
Struck 194 (an early issue) at Rome
LIBERO PATRI, Liber, wreathed, holds cup over tiny panther
Sear 6307. BMC 65, Hill 84 "Scarce" [$75]



Septimius Severus, 193-211
Struck 194-5 at Emesa. 18 mm. 3.61 grams
RIC 428 "Rare". BMC "eastern mints" 399. Emesa discussed p. cxvii
Uncirculated! [SOLD]



Quintillus, 270 (short reign)
18-17 mm. Thicker than usual.
RIC Rome 33. Sear III 11454
ex Antiquity Imports list #1 coin 328 April 1976 at $34. [$49 SOLD]



Septimius Severus, 193-211
19-18 mm.
PM TRP XV COS III PP [with this date this is a rare variety]
Genius sacrificing left over altar and holding two ears of grain downwards in left
TRP XV dates it to 207. (We know the exact year!)
BMC is (p. 263) not certain this date exists. RIC 475 has date XIIII. RIC 209. RSC 487
Nice surfaces and details. [$49]



Carinus, 282-285, as Augustus
21 mm.
RIC V.II 214 page 166.
Excellent portrait detail. [$85]



Probus, 276-282
22 mm.
RIC V.II 748Q, Sear III 12029
Lovely glossy brown. Lots of detail. Well-struck. Dan Clark auction July 31, 1990, lot 43, at $72. Here only [$49] 



Probus, 276-282
22-20 mm.
RIC 706 Siscia. Sear III 12000 [$44] ex Berk in 1994



Severina, wife of Aurelian (270-275)
23-22 mm. Full flan. 
RIC 8. Sear III 11706
Excellent portrait. [$49]



Probus, 276-282
23 mm
SOLI INVICTO with gorgeous spread quadriga facing
RIC 911. Sear III 12041.
ex Dan Clark auction June 13, 1984, lot 83. [$59]



Aurelian, 270-275
22 mm (large full flan)
RIC V.I 225 Siscia
Sear III 11543 [$39 SOLD]




Diocletian, 284-305
21-20 mm. Struck 296-7
from ALE[xandria]
Lovely surfaces
TIC VI Alexandria 46.  [$33}



Constantius II, 337-361
14 mm.
RIC Nicomedia 58 "R, c. 342"

Very high grade with excellent old red surfaces. High quality. [$39, reduced to $35]

For more coins of this era, see  Constantinian.html




Valentinian III, 425-455
Unusually nice AE12
Rare vota reverse.

RIC X Rome X 2136

For more coins of this era, see  Valentinian.html


Valentinian III, 425-455
A bit larger than normal at 13 mm.
VOT PVB, bold campgate

Light earthen cover [$49]




Titus, IVDAEA CAPTA provincial type
Hendin 4th edition 743. AJC II 288,2
Struck at Caesarea
[$49, reduced to $39] A desirable historical type. 


Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC
Head of yoiung Hercules in lionskin right
thunderbolt above name above blow and quiver beneath
Sear Greek 6739
Weber Collection 2140 "Amphipolis c. BC 328"
[$23 SOLD]



Aurelian usually comes as a radiate, either pre-reform or post reform. He also comes as a scarcer "denarius"--however almost always VICTORIA AVG. Far rarer, offered less than once a year, I think, is this PROVIDEN AVG denarius type. 
None on vcoins. None at MA-Shops. 
Roma had one, not better, in e-sale 27 for $143 including fees + shipping. CNG had one in 2010 for $185 + 12% + shipping. Elsen had one in 2011 for $207 + fees + shipping.
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG laureate bust right
Providentia standing left holding wand over globe.
RIC 68 rare denomination [$65 +$4 in the US]



Jovian silver siliqua, AD 363-364.
18 mm. 2.05 grams. Not clipped.
RIC Nicomedia 127 "27 June 363 - 16 Feb. 364"  [less than one year!]
King RSC V 33Ae
Rare, well-struck, and high grade. [$375 + $8 shipping in the US]



Under the Roman Republic there were yearly elections. Two types of denarii have voting scenes and this is one. It is far more explicit as to what happened when voting than the other type (which is Crawford 413/1 of L. Cassius Longinus 60 BC):
P. Lininius Nerva, 113/112 BC. Denarius. 17 mm. 3.79 grams.
Helmeted bust of Roma left, with spear and shield, horseman on shield
Voting scene with two citizens, one casting his ballot and the other being handed his ballot by an attendant. P. NERVA (NE in monogram).
Crawford 292/1. Sear 169.
Lovely toning and centering. Excellent detail. Clear action. [$295 SOLD + $7 shipping in the US]

Please compare prices elsewhere, if you can find examples. None on vcoins as I write. Remember, auction coins have "buyer's fees" and really cost more than the hammer price.

One just came up Nov. 14 on MA_Shops:



Begin Roman coins in chronological order
     Links:  Caracalla, Elagablal, Severus Alexander, Gordian III, Philip, Valerian, Gallienus, Gallo-Roman, Claudius II, Tacitus 

Roman Republican


[$79, reduced to $75 SOLD] Roman Republican. 123 BC. 18-17 mm. 3.92 grams.
M. Fannius C.F.
Sear 150. Crawford 275/1. RSC Fannia 1
Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA behind.
Victory in quadriga right
M FAN C F . in exergue. [$89, reduced to $79, reduced to $75. SOLD Very well centered, with Victory on the flan and all four horse heads too.]


[$75, reduced to $69 SOLD]  Republican. Saturninus, 104 BC

Helmeted head of Roma left
Saturn in quadriga right, holding harpa in right,
L.SATVRN in exergue, V with three dots above
Sear 193. Crawford 317/3a. Appileia 1v in RSC.



[$89, reduced to $79] Roman Republican
L. Sentius C.f., 101 BC
Roma right, ARG PVB  "public silver" down behind
Jupiter in quadriga right
L SENTI D F in exergue

3.84 grams. Large diameter: 21 mm.
[$89, reduced to $79]



Roman Republican AE


Republican Fourrees

Fourrees with especially remarkable reverses. The original would be a very expensive coin, and finding an imitation of it is extremely unusual and the imitation may well be unique of its type.
Search vcoins under "fouree" and "fourree" to see what dull reverse types are offered for. You will probably never see these good types again.


  [$69, reduced to $59] Augustus/receiving standards back from the Parthians "Signus Receptus"  CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE hybrid.  
    This reverse does not normally have a portrait obverse. BMC 71 plate 3.1 for obverse legend and portrait. BMC plates 1.7-9, 2.2, 2.11-12 for obverse. Reverse of RIC 288, plate 5.  [$159 reduced to $69, reduced to $59]




  [$59, now $49] Augustus, prototype of 15-13 BC commemorating Actium. IMP X ACT in exergue.
The Actian Apollo standing left holding plectrum and lyre.
Sear 1611, RIC 171a.   [$115, reduced to $59, reduced to $49]

More fourrees here.




*****   I also have a page of numismatic literature (ancient-coin auction catalogs, books) for sale.

Skip to Republican, 1st C, 2nd C, or 3rd C 
  (Links: Caracalla, Elagablal, Severus Alexander, Gordian III, Philip, Valerian, Gallienus, Gallo-Roman, Claudius II, Tacitus)

Roman Imperial Silver and AE 

  [$23] Augustus, RIC 439 of moneyer SEX NONIVS QVINCTILIAN III VIR AAA FF
with countermark monogram abbreviating CAESAR
applied in lower Germany (Netherlands) or a bit south along the Rhine in the early part of Tiberius's reign. See BMC xxxiii and xxix and Grant RIM p. 124ff plate VII.5  [$39, reduced to $29, reduced to $19]



[$75 SOLD] Early Christian interest.
Tiberius (AD 14-37) at Corinth. 22-21 mm. Struck 32-33(?) according to RPC.
Radiate head of Augustus left, legend [obscure on this coin] L ARRIO PEREGRINO II VIR
Six-column temple, legend L FVRIO LABEONE II VIR COR (in exergue)
RPC 1151
The legends name the two duoviri of the Roman colony Corinth.
The date and place of this coin are interesting in an early Christian context, given the connection between Paul, Corinth, and the New Testament. Paul could have handled this coin. Paul would have seen this building.
None remotely similar on vcoins or MA-Shops as I write this. It is rare.





[$49] Nero, 54-68 AD, at Caesarea Maritima (now in Israel)
Struck 68 AD, his last year.
23 mm. Head of Nero right/ Figure standing left holding human head and standard
PRC 4862 plate 176, Hendin 4th ed. 834 plate 34.  See Acts 18:22.  [$85, reduced to $45]
This coin is provincial, not imperial.



Cast Nero imitation as. 24 mm. 6.12 grams. Prototype is old Sear 690.

[Much rarer than imitation denarii. $49. In many years I have not seen another Nero limefalsa.]
RIC I 312-316 don't have head left and usually the type is 2 mm larger. (Casts tend to be smaller than the originals).
Cast after a prototype of 65-66 AD: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM/Victory standing left holding shield, S  C.  Like a "limesfalschung" it is cast and the details are weak.  It is very uncommon to find these as early as Nero. They usually have second century prototypes.  Heavy green patina. I have seen nothing else like it (and I have been paying attention for 30 years). [Much rarer than imitation denarii. $49. In many years I have not seen another Nero limefalsa.]  See the George Boon article on ancient imitations including limes-falsa.


Here is a very nice tetradrachm of Roman Alexandria for Vitellius (one of the twelve Caesars and one of the short-lived emperors of the "year of the four emperors"-- AD 69).


Vitellius, AD 69.
24-23 mm (larger than late tetradrachms). 12.40 grams.
ex CNA (=CNG) auction IV, lot 264, September 21, 1988 (with ticket)
and before that, ex Malter (lot 40, uncertain catalog, with a ticket for $425).
Emmett 196 (one of only two types of tetradrachms for Vitellius at Alexandria)
[$349 + shipping] Shipping $8 in the US, $11 elsewhere. I accept checks and PayPal and TransferWise.




Second Century

[$125]  Trajan, 98-117
AE31-30 mm. 23.91 grams.
Sestertius-sized provincial from a rare region. 
Koinon of Galatia.
Countermark with stasr in circle. 
Zeus seated left. 
BMC Greek Galatia 1.
Struck at Ancyra.
A search of "Trajan Galatia" produces none on vcoins or MA-Shops as I write.
[$125, reduced to $115]



[$69 SOLD] Trajan, 98-117
AE31 mm. 22.34 grams.
Sestertius-sized provincial from a rare region. 
Koinon of Galatia.
BMC Galatia 9
hexastyle temple of Rome and Augustus at Ancyra.
L&K --. Lindren III 941 (is worse). SNG Copenhagen VII plate 3 #105.
A search of "Trajan Galatia" produces none on vcoins or MA-Shops as I write.
A hard to find architectural type. [$85, reduced to $69 SOLD]



Trajan, 98-117
quadrans, 16 mm.
Not his portrait, but a portrait of Hercules
boar right, SC below.
RIC II 702v, page 294. 


Quadrans. Anonymous. early 2nd century AD
13 mm (small). 3.07 grams. 
Bust of Venus right
Dove standing right, S C
Sear I 2924



[$119, reduced to $98] Here is a Hadrian sestertius of a good type:
Hadrian raising the restored world.The picture captures the coin well. The patina is mostly lovely but flacking around the rim so the much of the legend is only partly there. 
32 mm (a large coin). 
RIC 594a. Foss 21 [AD 118] [$149 + $5 in the US, reduced to $119+$5]
Please compare this sestertius and its price with others of Hadrian on your favorite sites. This one has a good type, good portrait, and good color.


[$75]  Antoninus Pius, 138-161
denarius. 18 mm. 
Liberalitas pouring bounty of coins from corncopia
RIC 234 "Scarce" BMC 816
very nice portrait with almost no wear.
Look at the hair detail over the ear. [$75]




[$95, reduced to $85] Antoninus Pius. A.D. 138-161. AR denarius (19 mm, 3.32 g, 6 h). Rome, A.D. 151/2. IMP CAES T AEL HADR [AN]-TONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius right / TR POT XIIII COS IIII around, PAX in exergue, Pax standing facing, head left, holding olive-branch and scepter. RIC 200c; BMC 729; RSC 582. Very gentle toning. Extremely fine.  [$95, reduced to $85]




[$45, reduced to $39 SOLD] Syria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antiochia ad Orontem. Antoninus Pius. A.D. 138-161. Æ as (23 mm, 7.68 g, 12 h). A.D. 145-147. AVT KAI TI AI AΔP ANT-ΩNЄINOC CЄ ЄV, laureate head of Antoninus Pius right; below chin, star / S · C; above, uncertain letter; below, eagle; all within laurel wreath. Cf. McAlee 560; Butcher 314; RPC IV temp. 7004. Dark green patina with light earthen deposits. Very fine. 



[$79, reduced to $69]  Faustina II, wife of Marcus Aurelius
BMC (Antoninus Pius) 1086, page 164 "c.152-156"
Hair bun on the back of her head making an uncommon hairstyle for her.   [$79, reduced to $69]




[$149, reduced to $129] Commodus 190-193
Liberalitas type
databable to a single year -- 181.
Outstanding surfaces. Looks just like the photo.
BMC 53, Sear --, but close to 5655.
RIC 22, page 368.
Light beard. Excellent type with lots of references--to his Liberality (IIII), victories (IMP IIII) Tribune power (TRP VI) consulship (II).  [$129]




Pertinax, 86 days in 193 AD, Jan 1 - March 28. 

[$995+12] Denarius. 18 mm. 3.29 grams. 12:30 die axis.
nicely centered and excellent surfaces.
Pertinax standing left over tripod altar.
RIC 13a (R2 = very rare).  BMC 24, plate 1.20.
Excellent portrait, centering, metal, toning, and surfaces. A rarity you can appreciate forever.
Guaranteed genuine, of course.  Even at this magnification this coin looks great! That is because it is!
[$995 + $12 shipping. Sale only in the US! You can get a Pertinax for less, but not with this quality. You must admit this is a very nice coin!] 



Skip to Republican, 1st C, 2nd C, or 3rd C 
  (Links: Caracalla, Elagablal, Severus Alexander, Gordian III, Philip, Valerian, Gallienus, Gallo-Roman, Claudius II, Tacitus)


Third Century:

Septimius Severus


[$45, reduced to $39 SOLD] Septimius Severus, 193-211
Denarius. 18 mm.
refers to "triumphal entry into Rome" [RIC p. 67]
RIC 74. Struck 196  [Hill number 232]  [$55, reduced to $45, reduced to $39 SOLD]




 [$27, reduced to $25] Septimius Severus at Nicopolis. eagle.
  18 mm. SGI --. Lindgren II --, III --, Nikopolis page 50, closest to 31 "R2" 
  Quite well-struck. [$27]






  [$39, reduced to $34] Geta, 198-212.
AE18-16. Marcianopolis, Lower Moesia.
tripod with rising snake.
SGI obverse of 2781, but not the reverse
Ex Schinke at 1995 CICF. Lovely patina [$85, reduced to $39]


  [$59, reduced to $49] Septimius Severus (on right) and Caracalla (on left) at Beruit (Berytus). Two heads!
  AE23-22, 8.16 grams. SGI city and obverse of 2301, different reverse.
  L&K 2264. BMC Berytus 130. SNG Copenhagen Phoenicia 107. [$59]




Geta, Serdica. 19 mm. 
His bust right/CEP ΔON (for "of Serdica")
Asclepius standing left with attribute snake-coiled staff.
BMC --. Good lettering and centering. [$23]






[$69, reduced to $55] Caracalla, Tarsos mint
26 mm. 8.70 grams
AH / MI in wreath
Sear Greek Imperial --, SNG Danish Tarsos 369. SNG France 2:1560   [$95, reduced to $59]




  [$23, reduced to $19] Caracalla and Julia Domna/ Serapis head reverse
  Moushmov 47b
  AE27-26    [$29, reduced to $23]




 [$19, reduced to $16] Caracalla, 196-198-217
  at Nicopolis ad Istrum, Moushmov 1077
  Serapis head reverse. Good detail.
  AE19-16.  2.67 grams
  Head of Serapis  [$19]



  [$39, reduced to $35]  Caracalla, 198-211-217 AD.  denarius.  19 mm.
radiate lion with thunderbolt in mouth
RIC 273e scarce, page 252.  BMC 151, page 459.  [$69, reduced to $35 SOLD]


[$55, reduced to $47] Caracalla, 196-198-217
Struck at Marcianopolis, Lower Moesia
eagle standing front, head right
well-centered and fully legible with nice even surface.  [$95, reduced to $55]
ex Fred Shore, 1991 Chicago ANA




  [$37, reduced to $33] Caracalla.  24 mm.
Minted at Stobi, Macedon
Victory with wreath right
SGI --, Lindgren Europe -- (reverse of 1147 for Julia Domna), Lindgren III --, SNG Copenhagen II plate 8.335 variety, Weber II 2281 variety. Deep olive green patina.  [$49, reduced to $37]




Elagabal (218-222)


Elagabalus, 218-222.
[$85, reduced to $79 SOLD] 
Denarius. 20-19 mm. 2.92 grams.
IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, bust right, laureate with "horn", draped and cuirassed right (Some scholars think the "horn" is a bull's penis, from his religion. I'm skepical.)
Emperor holding out patera with right hand over flaming altar and cradling cyprus branch [How do we know that is what it is?] in left,
* in field left.
Struck year IIII, as all of these with a horn apparently are.
Sear II 7536, AD 221. 



[$95, reduced to $85]  Elagabalus, 218-222
Libery standing with cap of liberty
Sear 7523. RIC 107
Lovely portrait with his large eyes.
Very high grade well-centered, and excellent portrait. Well-struck on the whole flan. A really good coin. [$89]



Elagabal, 218-222.
17-16 mm. 
Struck at Marcianopolis.
Bunch of grapes hanging.
Appropriate for all you wine drinkers, for that is surely the reference.
Moushmov 620.
BMC Thrace page 35 #55.
[The bit of white on the reverse photo is not there. The coin does not have that white. It is a nice and even warm brown.
[$39, reduced to $29 SOLD]


Elagabal at Antioch on Orontes. AE19. 4.53 grams. Sear GI --. Butcher, CRS 470 but bust left, page 385, plate 14.  High grade [$39, reduced to $29]





Elagabalus at Tyre, Phoenicia. large: 30 mm.  Astarte standing left, placing her hand on trophy, holds transvers scepter, crowned by Nike on column right, palm to left SEPT IM TYRO SGI 3117 BMC Phoenicia, Tyre, 389.  rev. illustrated plate XXXIII.1. small figure "Marysas of the forum" to the right.  Large and quite clear.  [$65, reduced to $49]




Elagabalus, 218-222.
CONCORDIA MILIT, two standards and two eagles.
18-16 mm.
Sear 7505. RIC IV-2 187.  Antioch mint, A.D. 218-219.  High grade portrait and interesting military connection with four standards.  [$125, reduced to $79]



[$59] Moesia Inferior, Marcianopolis. Elagabalus. A.D. 218-222. Æ (26 mm, 10.75 g, 1 h). A.D. 222. Sergius Titianus, consular legate. AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head of Elagabalus right / VP CEPΓ TITIANOV MAPKIANOΠOλIT-Ω-N, Hera standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter. Hristova & Jekov; Varbanov 1459. Attractive multi-hued green patina, small flan flaw on obverse. Nearly very fine.Ex Triskeles 19, 337 (buyer never paid). [$59, reduced to $55]




Severus Alexander (222-235)

Severus Alexander at Alexandria, Egypt
222-235, struck year 2. 24-23 mm. 13.35 grams.
Lovely glossy dark surfaces with just the right amount of lighter highlighting.
Emmett 3099. Milne 2896.
ex Gert Boersema in 2006. [$125]



Samaria, Neapolis
Mt. Gerizim with a temple on top, columnade across the bottom, steps up it.
Severus Alexander, 222-235
23 mm. 12.88 grams. 
BMC 113 is similar without the c/m.
Sear Greek Imperial 3375.
[$29, reduced to $25]



Severus Alexander, 222-235. Bostra, Arabia. bust right/bust of Tyche left. BMC 22. Cast type. Not many official ancients were cast, but this type, minted for Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea, was officially cast. Very unusual for that. Excellent for type. [$59, reduced to $49, reduced to $42]



Severus Alexander AE26-24 at Marcianopolis. Governor Julius Fetus named.
eagle with half-spread wings.  Sear GI obverse of 3269, same reverse legend. Moushmov 714 photo on the web (that one is slightly worse and was $85) [$35, reduced to $27]






Syria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antiochia ad Orontem. Severus Alexander. A.D. 222-235. Large. AE octoassarion (32 mm, 17.01 g, 11 h). AVT KAIC MAP AVP CEO AΛEΞANΔPOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ANTIOXЄΩN MHTPO KOΛΩ, turreted, draped, and veiled bust of Tyche right; above, ram leaping right, head left; Δ-Є and S-C across field. McAlee 845c; BMC 484; Butcher 493. Fine, rough.  [$59, reduced to $47]




Julia Mamae imitation
19 mm.
RIC prototype 343. BMC 43
[$29] Rare to find her as an imitation.  


Maximus, son of Maximinus Thrax, the Giant.


Gordian III  (238-2440


Gordian III, 238-244. AE 27. Hadrianopolis. Fortuna = Tyche with rudder. smoothing. Fully legible legends. [$39, reduced to $27]







[$75] Moesia Inferior, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Gordian III. A.D. 238-244. Æ (28 mm, 14.20 g, 1 h). A.D. 241-244. Sabinus Modestus, consular legate. AVT K M ANTΩNIOC ΓOPΔIANOC · (sic), radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III right / [VΠ] CAB MOΔЄCT(OV) N-IKOΠOΛЄIT(ΩN) (ΠΡ)OC I/C/T, Tyche standing facing, head left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. Hristova & Jekov -, but cf.; cf. Varbanov 4244 (rev. legend). Green patina with moderate earthen deposits. Very fine.  [$75, reduced to $65]



Philip (244-249)


  Philip, 244-249
  28 mm.
  Struck at Viminacium, Moesian Superior
  Sear GI 3874
  28 mm. 15.30 grams. Large
  The bull and the lion were the emblems of legions VII and IV which were quartered in the province.
  Even dark green patina. [$49, reduced to $36]


[$69, reduced to $59] Syria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antiochia ad Orontem. Philip I. A.D. 244-249. BI tetradrachm (26 mm, 10.92 g, 7 h). Cos. III (A.D. 247). AVTOK K M IOVΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CЄB, radiate and cuirassed bust of Philip I left, gorgoneion on breastplate / ΔHMAΡX ЄΞOVCIAC VΠA TO Γ, eagle, wings displayed, standing right, holding wreath in beak; in exergue, ANTIOXIA/S C in two lines. McAlee 919a; Prieur 354. Usual surface porosity, green deposits on reverse. Very fine.  







Philip I, 244-249. 23 mm radiate.
AEQVITAS AVGG  High grade. Better metal than shows in the photo. Look at the crispness of detail on Aequitas [$69, reduced to $53]




Philip II at Antioch in Pisidia, AE27. 970 grams. SGI --, McClean 8964. BNC Pisidia Antioch 120 (no photo)  [$35, reduced to $23]





Philip II at Antioch in Pisidia. AE25. 10.22 grams. SGI --. L&K I 1235 for Philip I. [$39, reduced to $29]







Philip II, 244-249
Struck at Nisibis, Mesopotamia, the easternmost city of the Roman empire, and much in the history books as a city under siege by Sasanians or Romans.
Sear GI 4157. BMC Mesopotamia Nesibi [sic] 23
City goddess seated facing, ram running right bove, head back, in temple with four colums with spiral fluting, city god swimming right below.
Bust left
ex CCE Sept. 1981 lot 159. The city is mentioned in Acts 7:2. Nice dark green patina. [$95, reduced to $59]





Philip II, 244-249
Struck at Heliopolis, Coele-Syria
LEG V MACED VIII AVG (beginning at 11:00, tthe "LEG" is at 11:00 and the "V" is above the right standard)  COL HEL in exergue
priest plowing with two oxen, two standards
A numbered legion on a coin. That is quite unusual and demands a big premium in other series.
Holed at 12:00.
Lindgren I, 2168, tyoe of CNG 37 (1996) lot 1139. Rare and special. [$85, reduced to $55 SOLD]




Trajan Decius (249-251)


Trajan Decius, 249-251
23 mm. Struck at Nikomedia in Bithynia
SNG von Aulock 7128 Sear GI --, SNG Copenhagen --
Equitas, Gamma (3) in left field. Fully legible, very well-centered on the obverse. [$85, reduced to $49]




Trajan Decius, 249-251.  13.27 grams. 26 mm. PMS COL VIM Viminacium, year XI. SGI-- but similar to 4164, but with longer obverse legend. BMC Thrace 28,  [$39, reduced to $23]




Cilicia, Hierapolis-Castabala. Trebonianus Gallus. A.D. 251-253. AE 30 (29.8 mm, 13.82 g, 5 h). AVT K ΓAΛΛOC CEBAC, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / KACTABAΛEΩN IEPOΠOΛEI, turreted and draped bust of Tyche right. SNG France -; SNG Levante 1596 var (obv and rev legends); BMC -; SNG von Aulock -. Fine, rough surfaces. Rare variety.  [$59, reduced to $39]



Can you guess who this is?
The general time period is clear, but the coin was minted at Antioch with an unusual obverse legend, making it hard to identify.

is the beginning of the legend and for most collectors that does not help.
It continues
which solves the mystery.
RIC Volusian 234c, Antioch, page 185 "R"
Lovely Antioch black&tan patina
[$24, reduced to $19 SOLD]



Valerian (253-260)


Valerian, 253-260
RIC 89. Sear 9938.
Very good size--22 mm-- and nice toning over good metal. [$75, reduced to $42 SOLD] Nice flan size and centering.



[$79, reduced to $65] Valerian (253-260) 
Struck at Heliopolis, Coele-Syria
253)-23 mm, thick, 11.70 grams.
agnostic urn on table with ornamental legs
Sear Greek Imperial --
L&K --, Lindgren III 1283variety (legend), Weber --, McClean 9440 variety, BMC Syria --
SNG Copenhagen Syria -- (439 has urn with no table, SNG Righetti --
[$79, reduced to $69]  Ex Colosseum Coin Exchange, list of April 1988, lot 106.




Valerian I. A.D. 253-260. AR antoninianus (23.9 mm, 3.84 g, 1 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 256-257. IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Valerian standing left, holding spear and raising female kneeling right. Gobl 111b; RIC 117; RSC 183. aVF.  [$59, reduced to $39 SOLD]
Historical reference type.




Valerian at Flaviopolis, Cilicia. 253-260 AD. AE27-26. 11.99 grams. bust right/bust of Zeus right (not the usual Serapis w.  slightly larger flan).  Sear GI --, SNG France --, SNG Cop--, SNG von Aulock --, Lindgren & Kovacs --, L III --, SNG Righetti 1558, very similar. Note how few collections have this type.  Rare [$49, reduced to $39]  (This reverse type is sometimes on Maximinus I.)



Gallienus (253-268)

[$95, reduced to $79] Gallienus, 30 mm.
Struck at Side in Pamphylia
E countermark over the original "IA" at the neck.
E = 5 assaria. Howgego Countermark 805
Sear Greek Imperial --,
von Aulock -- cf, plate 158, volume II for Valerian
L&K 1174 for obverse
SNG Copenhagen VI Pamphlia -- Supplement 523
Weber III --, SNG Righetti 1309 variety
ex Cederlind at $100, his #345 (date uncertain, maybe 1990s?)  [$95, reduced to $75] 



[$69, reduced to $59] Pamphylia, Perga. Gallienus. A.D. 253-268. Æ decassarion (32 mm, 17.18 g, 1 h). AVT KAI [ΠΟ Λ] ΓAΛΛΠHNO CЄB (sic), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gallienus right, before, I / ΠЄΡ-ΓΑΙΩΝ, Elpis advancing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt. SNG BN 579 (same obv. die); SNG von Aulock 4728 (same obv. die). Dark brown patina, some porosity. Very fine  [$69, reduced to $59]





Gallienus, Antioch in Pisidia.
29 mm. 13.02 grams.
It is less green than the image and more black.
Roman wolf nd twins right.
SGI 4601. SNG France 3, 1326  (This one is slightly better than theirs)  [$109, reduced to $89
, reduced to $69]




Bull right.
RIC 285. Cunetio, 1405. 
Ex Cederlind in 1995 at $60 at the CICF. I will include the Cederlind ticket. 
Please compare the prices to your favorite site elsewhere. [$69, reduced to $55 SOLD--below the 1995 price] A rare type from his "zoo series".




Troas, Alexandria Troas. Gallienus. A.D. 253-268. AE 21 (20.8 mm, 4.22 g, 6 h). IMP LICIN GALLIENV, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / COL AVG TRO, horse grazing right. SNG Turkey 9 182; Bellinger A 451; SNG Cop 204. VF, blue-green patina.  [$59, reduced to $49] Nice quality.


Troas, Alexandria Troas. Civic issue. Mid-late 3rd century A.D. AE 23 (23.0 mm, 5.85 g, 7 h). CO ALEX TRO, turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; vexillum behind / COL AVG TROA, she-wolf right, head left, suckling the twins Remus and Romulus. cf. Bellinger A495; SNG Copenhagen 104-7. VF.  [$49, reduced to $39]




For a page of ancient imitations from the third century, see here.

Coins of Roman Egypt.

Gallienus German Victory.
Gallienus, 253-268
VICTORIA GERMAN Good type. Some silvering. Very well centered and legible. [$34, reduced to $31 SOLD]
In 1930 Alfoldi wrote "The Victories of the Empeor Gallienus" for the Numismatic Chronicle (61 pages and 10 page plates) and it was reprinted as a pamphlet. Gallienus types with reference to specific victories would make an interesting theme collection.





[$225] Marius, Gallo-Roman emperor for a very short period (ancient literature says two days! However, numismatists think it must be more like a month or more, c. May 269- August)
Sear III.11124
RIC 17
Number 128 on the ERIC II revised list of frequencies. A rare emperor!
[$225, reduced to $195 + $6 shipping in the US, $9 abroad]




Central Empire, Claudius II and later:

[$89, reduced to $79] Claudius II, Gothicus
17 mm. 2.66 grams
ex Empire list 23 lot C198 July 1984 at $50
The best obverse legend with his famous "GOTHICO" title.
RIC 264, Foss Quintillus 2 
Good portrait and strong GOTHICO



Claudius II, 268-270
19 mm.
VIRTVS AVG, Mars walking right
RIC 172. Sear III 11385 [$25] ex Malter in 1980



Claudius II, 268-270.
Double strike minting oddity.
19 mm. 1.95 grams.
One strike 50% off-center. A clear example of the striking process.
Sear 11383.  [$21]




Aurelian/Vabalathus. 271-272 AD
ex Schulman Dec. 1974, lot 1696.
Aurelian radiate bust right/ Vabalathus laureate bust right 
Clear name [$33, reduced to $21]


Probus (276-282)

Probus, 276-282
23-20 mm.
RIC 731F, Sear III 12021 
Excellent detail. Bold cuirass. Good portrait. [$59]








Go to Republican, 1st C, 2nd C, or 3rd C 
  (Links: Caracalla, Elagablal, Severus Alexander, Gordian III, Philip, Valerian, Gallienus, Gallo-Roman, Claudius II, Tacitus)

Continue with: Roman: Diocletian through Licinius (the tetrarchy) or with Constantinian coins,

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