This page:  Byzantine, Medieval, and Arabic coins for sale (and a very few "world" coins)

Go to: Newest, Byzantine in chronological order, Anonymous follesVandal and Ostrogothic
Arabic Turkoman figural bronze, Crusader, and Medieval (including Armenian).
Byzantine coins from the Cherson mint.
Late Byzantine. World coins.

TERMS:  Prices are in brackets: [$xx]. I accept PayPal and Zelle (I prefer Zelle in the US. Here is why) and checks and cash. Postage in the US is $2 for orders up to $25, $3 for orders up to $50, $4 for orders up to $100, and an additional $2 for each hundred thereafter.
     Usually I don't ship to other countries because shipping is too expensive ($20 or $25). More-detailed
terms of sale are here. 
After I confirm by e-mail that I still have the coin, you can pay by logging into your account and sending Zelle or PayPal payment to my e-mail address.
To order, or to ask any questions, e-mail me, Warren, at:  e-mail
Purple marks items that have sold and are no longer available.

     Most are in chronological order (Exceptions are the new ones at the top).  Skip down to
Anastasius, Justin, Justinian, Vandal and OstrogothicJustin II, Maurice, Heraclius, Constans II, Constantine IV, late Byzantine (anonymous and later), Cherson Mint coins 
Most recent:  2024, May 20:  Four Byzantine coins. 
2024, May 19:  Another crusader coin of the First Crusade. Romanus IV Sear 1966. 
2024, May 18: Four crusader coins of the First Crusade.
2024, April 24: This page cleaned up with very many sold coins removed. 
2024, April 9: Tancred, of the First Crusade. Justinian, Antioch year 13.
2024, April 2:  Justinian
2024, March 8: Alexius, anonymous Class J. Tiberius II X, Justin II Є from Nicomedia.

2024, March 6: A rare Turkoman.


Michael VIII 1261-1282
25-23 mm. 3.08 grams.
Virgin enthroned /3-figures: Michael, Christ, and St. Michael
Sear 2260
ex Rudnik in 2012 at $30.



Maurice, 582-602
10 nummia.
18-16 mm. 2.63 grams.
ar Antioch
Year 8 (589/90)
Sear 536
Bought in 2006 from Glen Woods at the Summer ANA in Denver for $25 (plus a lot of trip expenses!) with his ticket (for $40)
Pretty little wear. Good details. [$30]


Justinian, 527-565
Year 37
Most of his coins after year 35 have badly blundered legends. (
Antioch was having great trouble at the time.)
ex Dan Clark in 2007.
Sear 239

John II, 1118-1143
20-15.5 mm. 2.74 grams.
1/2 length bust of the emperor
IWΔ ECP  (for "John Despot")
Facing bust of Christ
Bought from Jonathan Kern at the Cincinnati Coin Show, April 30, 2023 for $40 (plus a long trip to the show!)
Sear 1953  [$45]



Tancred, regent at Antioch, 1101-1112. 
22 mm. 2.40 grams.
Obverse: Bust of St. Peter facing, nimbate, with scroll in left and diagonal long cross in right. 
Θ/ΠЄ to left and POC down the right (Identifying St. Peter)
Reverse: Legend in four lines:
ΛOCOVT    (His name begins here: T-ANKRI[D])
"Oh Lord come to the aid of thy servant Tancred"
CCS Antioch 3 (page 199) Tancred's first type of four. 
Metcalf 49-62. Also page 25, type 6.
On some examples, including this one, St.Peter's curly beard is evident.
Remarkably full legend. Even the O/ΠE (for "St. Peter") is legible on the obverse left field.
The legends are much better than on most. [$35 SOLD]

Romanus IV, 1068-1071
who lost the famous Battle of Manziket
Sear 1866

   C  R
   P   Δ

The coin has the same facing bust of Christ found on anonymous folles (but with both IC XC and NI KA), but the reverse has
C  R  ["C" is a lunate "S". "R" is an epigraphical form of "B"]  ΣΤAYΡЄ BOHΘЄI "O Cross, help"
P   Δ in the quadrants of a cross (with an X at the center) for 
"Romanus Despot/emperor"   RΩMANΩ  ΔЄCΠOTH

"O cross help Romanus emperor" or
"May the cross help Romanus, emperor"
The coin is glossier than (better than) the photo. [$49 SOLD]  I don't know why they cost so much on vcoins. 

Crusader of the First Crusade
Baldwin II, at Edessa. Second reign, 1108-1118.
22 mm. 3.19 grams.
Struck after c. 1110, his third type.
Count in armor walking left, holding cross in right hand with his left hand on the hilt of his sword at his waist. Legend around, usually flat and illegible but on this example much of the key part can be seen. 
(From 1:00) BAΓΔOVNOC ΔO-YΛO CATV (some letters ligate. The "B" is larger than the others.) ("Baldwin, servant of the cross") By the way, the reason for this spelling of "Baldwin" on these coins is Armenian influence which is discussed by Murray, Alan V. "The Greek inscriptions on the coinage of Count Baldwin II of Edessa (1100-18)". Numismatic Chronicle 2022, pages 243-248. This article explains some of the apparently erroneous Greek spelling on the coins as the result of Armenian pronunciation.  
Cross with floral ornament at the base, much like a Class I Byzantine anonymous follis.. Pellets in the angles and pellets alongside the ends of the cross. 
CCS Edessa 9a. Metcalf 109-111
Porteous --. Sch I.7 
Reasonably nice for the type which is rare and usually in terrible condition. It is nice that with all the usual flaws of crusader coins, this one has the key part of the name legible. [$89 SOLD] 

Tancred, regent at Antioch, 1101-1112. 
22-20 mm. 2.75 grams.
His fourth type of four.
St. Peter, standing, with right hand extended in blessing and left holding a long cross.
S PE  TPV  either side, for "St. Peter"
Square cross with
D  S
F   T  in the quadrants, for
"Domine Salvum Fac Tancredum"
"Lord, save Tancred"
CCS Antioch 6, Tancred's fourth type.
Metcalf 71-80, Type 5 page 27. 
Lovely reddish-brown patina. Overstruck on St.Peter type with the merest impression of the head at 10:00 on the obverse. Reddish brown patina. [$27 SOLD] 

Bohemond II. When Roger died in 1119, Baldwin II, King of Jerusalem, took over administration of Antioch until Bohemond II came of age. Bohemond II had been born in Italy after Bohemond I went back in 1104. Bohemond II did not see Antioch until he was 17 and arrived to claim it. He issued only one type (next).

Bohemond II, 1126-1130
19 mm. 3.70 grams.
Facing bust of St. Peter, very much like 
the first type of Tancred.
Square cross ("cross pommée")
ɣN   ΔOC  in quadrants, 
CCS Antioch 10a
Metcalf 102-103 
The obverse is not nice, but the reverse in better than usual.  [$23 SOLD]

In 1129 the Armenian Prince of Cilicia died and the succession was disputed. In 1130 Anazarbus was temporarily undefended and Bohemond II went with a small force to take it. Unfortunately for Bohemond II, the Danismendid Ghazi (who issued Turkoman coins) had the same idea but came with a large force which surrounded and wiped out the crusaders including Bohemond II. 

Tancred, regent at Antioch, 1101-1112. 
21.3-19.5 mm. 2.69 grams.
His third type of four.
Facing bust of Christ, IC XC either side, very much like many 
Byzantine anonymous folles.
Cross with
 P     H   in its quadrants, for "Tancre[d]"
floral ornament at base.
Metcalf 49-62. Also p. 25, type 6.
CCS Antioch 5 (page 199f). 
[$27 SOLD] 

Justinian, 527-565
25 mm. 7.82 grams.
* above and below, Δ to right.
Sear 164.

Legend pretty good. Slightly larger than a quarter. [$19]
Justin II, 565-578
15-13 mm. 1.92 grams.
Monogram/large Є
N to right for Nicomedia
The monogram/ Є type is common, but not so common from Nicomedia, indicated by the "N". 

Sear 371. [$12]

Tiberius II, 578-582
14.0 mm. 1.22 grams.
Monogram of "Constantine" (his other name)
U us a form of V for "5"
Sear 459 (at 65 pounds in VF)

Tiberius II, 578-582
21-16 mm
Sear 436, Constantinople
ex Dan Clark, March 3, 2007, with his crude ticket and with my ticket
None on vcoins under $50! (All of them cost too much!)


Turkoman figural bronze
Najm al-Din Alpi
1152-117631-30 mm. 11.41 grams. Large. 
Facing head with curly hair
Two facing heads (Gemini) with wild hair
Spengler and Sayles 30
Excellent flan. Well-centered. Legend fully clear.
[$69, reduced to $65]

This coin is better than this one offered at 285 euros (as I write)!


Maurice, 582-602
22 mm. 5.57 grams.
Bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament
mappa and eagle-tipped scepter
Year XIII = AD 595/6
Sear 535 Antioch mint.
ex Marc Poncin (England) in 2003.
Nice portrait and crown [$26 SOLD] 



Mamluk coins. Small figural types. Please search for these on vcoins. You will find they are unusual. 

19 mm. 2.89 grams.
al-Sali Salah al-Din Salih
AH 752-755. AD 1351-1354
Bird right, head turned back


al-Mansur Muhammad
AH 762-764
18.5-15.6 mm. 
lion left
Balog Mamluk Sultans 393


Shalban II
AH 764-778
AD 1363-1377
Small.  18-14 mm. 
Lion left in circle
legend in square: al-malik/al-ashraf
Balog Mamluk Sultans 464


Maurice, 582-602
22-20 mm. 6.20 grams.
K  year X
Thessalonica mint, which is less common
Sear 509
Nice light colored cover  [$29]

King Gelimer, 530-534
Tiny!  8.8 mm. 0.58 grams.
Wroth WPBC plate II. 21.
Rare. Lousy, like usual. [$39]
(Better than the only one on vcoins, at $70, as I write.) 



Tiberius II, 578-582
Small. 13 mm. 1.43 grams.
Theoupolis (Antioch).
Monogram of Tiberius II Constantine.
Large U; above, cross.
Sear 459. (65 pounds in VF) [$55]


Crusader. First Crusade.
Tancred, regent at Antioch, 1101-1103 and 1104-112
21 mm. 2.72 grams
St. Peter, standing, with right hand extended in blessing and left holding a long cross.
Square cross with
D  S
F   T  in the quadrants, for
"Domine Salvum Fac Tancredum"
"Lord, save Tancred"
Coins of the Crusader States Antioch 6, Tancred's fourth type.
Lovely black-and-tan Syrian patina. The DSFT is very well-centered and much better than most. [$55] 


Byzantine:  Many Byzantine coins below in chronological order, after some literature.


Byzantine reference literature for sale:

HAHN, Wolfgang and METCALF, William E.-1988 (ANS) "Studies in Early Byzantine Gold Coinage"-144pp, 24pls, hardbound in red cloth,  gilt, 4to. [$15]

Sternberg catalog 8  (11/78)  MV, HQP.  1015 ancients. 339 G, 41 Aksum, 374 R, 238 Byz including AE, 18 Arab-Byz, on 50 ppl + 2E  [$8, reduced to $6]
    Aksumite (41), Byzantine AE (among 238) 

Catalog:  Baldwin's 5 (11 Oct. 1995)  "Byzantine Gold Coins from the P. J. Donald Collection" 285 Byz gold on 12 large ppl. Photos okay but worse than most. [$5, reduced to $3]
    Byzantine gold (285)

Elsen 125 (2015, June 13) 1085 ancients among 1982. 120 G, 157 Celtic, 25 RR, 130 RI, 16 RP, 544 Byz gold and silver "Collection Henri Potteir", 32 Carolingian  [$7, reduced to $5]
    544 Byzantine gold and silver


Chronological order begins here:

Anastasius, 491-518

Justin I, 518-527 


Justin I, 518-527
Struck at Antioch.
14 mm. 1.90 grams.
5 nummia. Small coin.

Backwards epsilon (for "5") and Tyche in shrine with river-god below. Why the epsilon remained backwards for all the dies in this large issue is unknown to me.
Remarkably clear obverse legend. Good portrait for the type. Flan flaw causing a hole all the way through the coin in the back of his head. Better details than almost all of this type, but with the flan flaw.  
Sear 111. [$21, reduced to $19]

Justin, 518-527
13 mm. 2.08 grams.
Large chi-rho, N to left and Є to right, two dots low in fields
Sear 93, attributed to Nicomedia because of the "N".

None on vcoins as I write. [$27, reduced to $19]



Justin 1, 518-527
Small. 5-nummia. 12 mm.
Tyche of Antioch seated left.
Retrograde Є  (Why did these have "5" retrograde?)
Sear 111. DO 57.
[$23, reduced to $14]


Justin and Justinian, joint reign, 527

Justinian, 527-565


Justinian I. 527-565.
Æ Pentanummium (20mm, 3.2 g).
Constantinople mint. Struck 538-542.
Diademed and draped bust right
Large E; A to right. 
Sear 170.  Large for the denomination. [$22, reduced to $19]



Justinian, 527-565
19-17 mm. 3.02 grams.
*I*  (for 10-nummi)
Sear 166
DOC 34, page 82, plate XIV

Unusual with stars either side of the I.  
[$22, reduced to $17, reduced to $15]


Justinian, 527-565
14-13 mm. 2.22 grams.
Year 35 (late in his reign and therefore small)
Sear 205, Nicomedia
DOC 159
[$12, reduced to $8, reduced to $7]


Justinian, 527-565
Small. 14 mm. 1.33 grams.
Large epsilon for 5, cross to right
Sear 172
MIBE 103b
DOC 97e
[$19, reduced to $12]

Justinian, 527-565
year 32?
Sear 205
[$12, reduced to $7]

Justinian, 527-565
23 mm.
Bust right
AISP   (IS = 16)
Sear 175ff. 
Thesaloncia mint and its unusual denomination "16"! [$29, reduced to $21]

283283Justinian 1-nummis, small, 9 mm. 0.84 grams. AE nummis.
Chi-rho reverse.  Close to the end of this denomination.

Sear 283
Rare, Carthage mint.
Remarkably good detail and even some obverse legend, which is not common.
Cute! [$79, reduced to $49]

Justinian, 527-565
9 mm. Very small.
Bust right
XIII   (very late for a vota coin)
Sear 278 from Carthage, year 13
This one is clear "for type"  [$39, reduced to $27]


Vandals and Ostrogoths, time of Justinian

Free! An up-to-date reference for many of the small Vandalic AR4's is Bijovsky, INR6.3 "From Carthage to the Holy Land: The ‘Palm Tree’ Nummus" which you can get for free on or ask me for it gratis via e-mail (It is 1.7 mb).


Justin II and Sophia, 565-578

Justin II, 565-578
1.75 grams. 15.6 - 13 mm.
Complicated monogram 
Epsilon (for 5) Γ
Sear 363 from Constantinople (we can tell by the officina number)
[$17, reduced to $14]  I bought this in 2004 for $17. (Not a good dollar investment!)
I hope you don't think ancient coins are a monetary investment. They are an investment in your mind and pleasure, not your wallet!




Tiberius II, 578-582


Maurice, 582-602

A rarity: A pentanummus of Maurice not in Sear. Two examples!

Maurice, 582-602
Small. Pentanummium. 15 mm. 1.44 grams.
Not in Sear
Monogram much like his monogram 16 on page 32, but quite different at the right end where what is a "K" on 16 is a and E or square C (lunate S) with bits of the K or maybe E.
Є+ on the reverse.
Unlisted in Sear. cf. Sear 540 which is different. 
MIBEC Maurice V105 where the monogram is not as clear as this one. ("V" numbers were not known in time for the first edition.)
Maybe it would be Sear 542A in a new edition, were one to appear (It won't).
Theoupolis (Antioch).  Rev. Large Є with cross. SB 540 var (monogram, Ч) . Good fine. 
Very rare.  [$59]

Maurice, 582-682
Pentanummium, 15 mm. 1.76 grams.
Sear --. This monogram has much in common with monogram 16, but that one has "K" on the right and this one has "E" or "C" in addition with an augmented middle bar containing the "K".
Sear's 540 has the closet mongoram, monogram 16, with U, and 542 has the U but a much different monogram. So, I'd put this one as Sear 542A (for the next edition). DOC --. 
MIBEC Maurice V105 (only one listed, from the Bendall collection)
Very rare. Very nice obverse monogram.  [$85, reduced to $65]

Maurice, 882-602
Theoupolis (Antioch) Decanummium Æ
18mm, 2.8 g.
Crowned facing bust, holding mappa in right and eagle-tipped scepter in left hand / Large X; cross above, R below; ANNO II across field.
Cute!  Lettering very clear with lovely light cover.
Sear 536   [$19, reduced to $17]


Maurice, 582-602
at Antioch
22-20 mm. 5.27 grams.
Sear 535
Interesting date with 16 written "UIX"
When the numeral system is additive, you don't need to put the units after the tens.
The P-like symbol below is a mintmark for Theopolis = Antioch.
Lovely light cover.  A nice coin. [$20, reduced to $18


Maurice, 582-602
27-25 mm. Struck year 15 = 596/7
at Nicomedia
Sear 512, page 123.
ex Wolf at Chicago ANA, August 15, 2013. No ticket
Clear reverse.  [$17, reduced o $15] with my collection ticket.



Maurice, 582-602
Good bust with mappa and eagle-tipped scepter
Sear 534. DO 178
Year U = 5, struck 586/7.
Good facial details. [$19, reduced to $12]



Phocas, 602-610  

Phocas, with Leontia AD 602-610.
Dated RY 5 (AD 606/7).
Theoupolis (Antioch)
Decanummium Æ (15mm, 2.2 g)
Phocas and Leontia standing facing, holding globus cruciger and cruciform scepter, respectively; cross above
Large X; cross above, date across field, rho below.
Small for the denomination. This is the size of some 5-nummis coins.
Sear 675. Cute!  [$23 reduced to $19]


Heraclius, 610-614


Constans II, 641-668


Constans II, 641-668
20-17 mm. 3.98 grams.
Facing bust
Three busts above a small M. (The left two busts are almost gone.)
Ex James Lovette in 2006.
With his ticket, I think from Dan Clark's ancient coins, which notes he bought it in Feb. 1980.
Sear 1014. DOC 89 page 459f struck "666-668" 
[$17, reduced to $10] Compare to the $85 and $95 examples on vcoins.
Constans II, 641-668
Struck 652/3
29-24 mm (Pretty large for the era). 4.89 grams.
Emperor standing facing, I A to right (indiction year 11, which dates the coin)
M over SCL for the mint in Sicily at Syracuse.
Overstruck. At 5:00 on the reverse part of SB1107 (DOC 178) is visible.
You can see below the M the chest part of a facing bust. 
Why would they overstrike a coin of the same ruler? I don't know, but they did.
ex James Lovette in 2006. Ex Joseph Lepczyk 40 (June 1981), lot 269, with his ticket for $27.50.
An interesting overstrike [$39, reduced to $23]

Constantine IV, 668-685 

Constantine IV, 668-695
Ragged 24-22 mm. 3.65 grams.
No legend. Bust facing, beardless, holding globus cruciger
M with monogram above and standing figures with long crosses on either side.
SCL in exergue for Sicily and its mint, Syracuse.
Sear 1207. Hahn III MIB 104 
[$59, reduced to $37]

Justinian II, first reign, 685-695


Constantine V, 741-775

Constantine V and Leo IV, 741-775
17 mm.  Small.
Two facing busts, Constantine and Leo IV
Facing bust of Leo III on the reverse.
Sear 1569.  Please compare this one to his plate coin.

[$35, reduced to $29]  


Leo V, 813-820

Leo V, 813-820
20 mm. 5.40 grams.
Sear 1635.  Lambda for Leo and K for Constantine.
[$22, reduced to $14]


Coins from Byzantine Cherson, a scarce mint:

Romanus I, 920-944
(Romanus II, according to Sear, but I follow Anokhin, #419)
18 mm. 3.35 grams.
Monogram of Romanus, Cross on steps with pellets either side
Sear 1775  Mint of Cherson
Sometimes the "P" in the monogram is retrograde. This one is normal.
Even dark color, nearly black. Bold monogram. [$79, reduced to $65]

Michael II, 820-829



Theophilus, 829-842

      [Sold, except for one rarity from the Cherson mint, above]

Basil I, 867-886


Leo VI, 886-912



Constantine VII, 913-959


Anonymous folles and later, 970ff


Anonymous follis, Class I
Attributed to Nicephorus III, 1078-1081
23-21 mm. 3.87 grams.
Bought from Dan Clark, Clark's Ancient Coins, Nov. 27, 2005
at $29.
Reddish surfaces. Nice cross on the reverse.
Sear 1889. Now, here, [$25, reduced to $22]
Anonymous follis, Class H
with patriarchal cross (two crossbars)
with large pellets at the ends
Attributed to Michael VII, 1071-1078.
One of the scarcest anonymous follis classes.
Sear 1880
Surfaces not great. Rarely (never?) comes nice.
[$19, reduced to $17]

Constantine X, Ducas, 1059-1067



Nicephorus III Botaniates, AD 1078-1081


 Nicephorus III Botaniates, AD 1078-1081
Æ Follis. (22mm, 7.4 g) Constantinople mint. Three-quarter length standing figure of Christ Pantokrator facing between two stars; IC-XC across upper fields Cross with pellets at extremities and eight-pointed star within circle at centre;
C - Φ N - Δ in angles.
Sear 1888  [$24]
C  Φ     (The "C" is a lunate "S" (sigma))   ΣΤAYΡЄ  ΦΥΛATTЄ   "O Cross, Protect" 
N  Δ     (Sear 1888)  "Nicephorus [III] Despot/emperor"  NIKHΦωPON  ΔЄCΠOTH  


Alexius I, 1081-1118

John II, 1118-1143

Manuel I, 1143-1180



Isaac II, 1185-1195


Alexius II, 1195-1203


Michael VIII, 1261-1282 



Andronicus II, 1282-1328   


Andronicus III, 1328-1341    


Arabic and Arab-Byzantine

Arabic/Islamic coins. 

Kashmir Smast
18 mm. 4.65 grams,
Shiva and bull/Brahmi akkharas  "300-400 AD"
north of Pakistan from the Kashmir Smast
Mitchner ACW 3666 "Kidarite prinicpality of the Kota Kala in the Punjab"
"c. 360/380-460"
Mitchner listed it as worth 45 pounds in 1978.
High grade. [$55, reduced to $29]

Nasir al-din Muhammad, 1249-1260
Jital. 16-15 mm. 3.50 grams.
ibn Hasan Qarlagh, Shah of Kurraman (NE Pakistan)
stylized horse right
Mitchner WoI 951
Remarkably nice horse depicted in just a few strokes [$39, reduced to $29]
ex. Jim Lovette (author of Biblical Related Coins) in 2007


Moghal (Mughal) Empire of India
20 mm in diameter and very thick at 7 mm. 20.10 grams.
1 dam (denomination)
Akbar mint
A very thick and chunky coin!  [$49, reduced to $26, reduced to $19 plus $4 shipping (it is too think for a letter)]
ex. Jim Lovette (author of Biblical Related Coins) in 2007 


Arab-Byzantine  all sold




Coins from Medieval Hungary:

Medieval Hungary. Anonymous. 12th C. 1141-1161
Tiny!  Silver 12 mm. 0.33 grams.
The denomination is called a "denar"" It is sometimes called a "penny."

Cross and crescents/cross in circles
Huszar 92. Rethy-Probszt 88, plate V group V p. 57, between 1141 and 1161.
Small, well-struck, and cute. [$33, reduced to $29]

Medieval Hungary. Stephan II. 1114-1131
Tiny! Silver. 11 mm. 0.33 grams.

The denomination is called a "denar"" It is sometimes called a "penny."
Rethy-Probszt 66, plate V, Stephan II 1114-1131
Excellent centering on a small silver coin  [$31, reduced to $29]

Medieval Hungary. Anonymous. 
Tiny! 13 mm. Silver. 0.33 grams.

The denomination is called a "denar"" It is sometimes called a "penny."
Time of Beles III, Emmerichs, and Andreas II" c. 1173-1235
according to Rethy-Probszt X-146 group D, plate IX page 64 and page 62.
Wonderful multiple crosses. Very well struck and centered. Rare. Have you ever seen a coin with this many crosses? [$79, reduced to $59]


World Coins

Bundi, Indian Princely State, 1 Paisa, 1872 (not ancient)
17-16 mm and very thick at 6 mm. 17.42 grams.

Odd-shaped coin! [$9, reduced to $6 + $4 shipping in the US--it is too thick for a normal envelope]





Go to the main page of ancient coins for sale.