Late Roman Coins for sale, Valentinian and later (364 AD - 498 AD). 

      Coins of the late 4th century are among the least expensive of all ancient coins. I recommend the inexpensive paperback book (possibly in your public or school library) by the ancient author Ammianus Marcellinus: The Later Roman Empire (AD. 354-378) translated by Walter Hamilton, Penguin Books, 1986. Books 26-31 cover Valentinian I through the death of Valens at the Battle of Adrianople. This is 130 pages of an original ancient source. Highly recommended to bring the coins and time period alive.
    References for the history of the period are listed  here:
    References for the coins of the period are listed here:

Terms in detail. Summarized: Postage in the US is $2 for orders up to $25, 3 for orders up to $50, $4 for orders up to $100, and an additional $2 for each hundred thereafter. $3 more to other countries. I accept PayPal and checks. Prices in brackets: [$xx]

To order, or simply to ask a question, e-mail me, Warren, at:  e-mailwhich is also my PayPal address.

I mark coins "SOLD" in purple promptly when they sell.

Recent: Dec. 18:  Nice coins of Procopius, Valentinian, and Valens (at the top).
Nov. 29: Two coins of Valentinian II (at the top).
Oct. 27: Six coins of the Vandals. An opportunity to pickup some rare to very rare coins.
Oct. 25:  Leo monogram with double-beaded border. Marcian monogram.
2019, Oct. 20: High grade Arcadius AE4.
Oct. 12:  Four coins from my serious collection of Theodosius II, 402-450. 
Sold coins removed.
2109, Sept. 29: Theodosius AE4s.

Special types include a rare Valentinian III

Links:  Valentinian, Valens, Procopius,
Gratian, Valentinian II, Theodosius, Aelia Flacilla,
Magnus Maximus, Arcadius, Honorius, Johannes
Theodosius II, Valentinian III, Leo I  

[A few new offerings are at the top. Skip down to coins in chronological order of the emperors.]



Newest next:

Excellent Procopius, 365-6
AE3. 18 mm. 2.34 grams.
Usurper against Valentinian.
RIC IX Constantinople 17a5 "R2"
This is the type with the unidentified "mushroom"-type object at the feet left.
Chi-rho in upper right reverse field.
Good flan, lettering, portrait, and centering for type.  [$195 SOLD ]



Valentinian, 364-375
Struck at Thessalonica:  TESA
RIC IX Thessaloncia 16a (first issue from Thessalonica)
EF.  [$25]



Valentinian, 364-375
AE3. 18 mm. 
TES in exergue
RIC IX Thessalonica 26 with mintmark xvii page 169 and 178.
Excellent surfaces and details. A top example.  [$35]


Valens, 364-378
AE3. 17 mm. 2.73 grams.
unusual cross-rho in field
RIC IX Aquileia 9b mintmark vii(b), page 91.
Olive green patina. [$19] 

Valens, 364-378
AE3. 16 mm.
Common type with an unusual cross on the labarus,
RIC IX Antioch 10b6. Sear V 19762
Lovely light cover. [$19]



Valens, 364-378
AE3. 19 mm. 2.32 grams.
Rome mint
RIC IX Rome 24b
Esty type 6..
A very good example [$35]



Valentinian II, 375-392
AE4. 14 mm.
cross-rho in left field.
RIC IX Cyzicus 26a. 
Esty Type 39.
A high grade example. [$25 SOLD]  





Valentinian II, 375-392
13 mm. 12:00. 1.38 grams
Esty type 39.
Very bold, but mm off flan. cross-rho in field left.
RIC number therefore not known
Cost $20 from London Coin Galleries [A shop in Anaheim, California, near LA] in 1990.
Now, [$16]



Valentinian II, 375-392
AE3. 17-16 mm. 3.05 grams.
RIC IX Heraclea 16b2, page 195
Esty Type 16.



Note:  An up-to-date reference for many of the small Vandalic AR4's is Bijovsky, INR6.3 "From Carthage to the Holy Land: The ‘Palm Tree’ Nummus" which you can get on or ask me for it via e-mail (It is 1.7 mb).


Vandal, 5th - 6th C.
9-8 mm.
This coin was found with coins of Gelimer (like the next coin).
Facing bust, square cross with pellets in the quadrants. 
Wroth WPBC plate iv -- cf. 44 with two dots "Vandalic period"
Rare. [$49]

Compare to this $350 example on vcoins:


Vandal. Regal. Gelimer, 530-534 with his monogram
12-10 mm. Small.
Bust right
Monogram with C (on left) small R (upper left) and M (large in the middle of a wreath
Rare. Rarely nice. MEC I 28, plate 2.
Wroth 4 page 16, plate 2.21
Bijovsky INR  6/2011 p. 164
Rare. [$49] 



Vandals. Hilderic, 523-530.
9 mm. 0.49 grams.
Bust right
square cross in wreath.
Wroth Vandals 182 page 40 plate iv.36
Bijovsky INR 6/2011 page 164 Hilderic

[$49]  Please compare to the examples above $100 on vcoins.

Zeno, 474-491
9 mm. 0.47 grams. Very small.
head right
monogram of Zeno
Monogram 10 variety with horizontal bar all the way across
That site is missing this variety, but it is in Adelson and Kustas, A Bronze Hoard of the Period of Zeno I, monogram 2, page 89.
[$45] A rare chance for the specialist to get this variety.



Leo I, 457-474
10 mm. 1.17 grams.
Monogram 1a on numiswiki site:
Unusual double-beaded border. (It doesn't look double-struck; they look concentric.)
Bad flan flaw 8:00-11:00 on the obverse makes a hole at 3:00 on the reverse.
Tops of letters in mintmark CON visible.
A mix of bad and good with something really unusual. [$19]



Marcian, 450-457
11 mm. 1.35 grams
NIC (Nicomedia)
Much of MARCIANS PF clear.
Excellent Marcian monogram
[$45 SOLD]

RIC X monogram 5, #548 page 282.



Theodosius II, 402-450
13-12 mm. 1.30 grams. Slightly larger than most. This has a full flan.
Cross in wreath

Hahn (5th C.) Theodosius II 84
RIC X 443
Sear V 21232.  Esty type 68.
Full obverse legend (a bit weak in places) with mintmark CONS on the flan



Arcadius, 383-408
AE4. 13-12 mm. 1.44 Grams
Sear V 20851 "EF $75"
Very nice with full mintmark [$25 SOLD]

Compare to



Four coins from my serious collection of Theodosius II, 402-450

Theodosius II
22-21 mm. 4.70 grams. 6:00
RIC X 460 struck "437(?)" "R3"  extremely rare
(but some have been found since RIC was written, most in very bad shape)
Hahn DORE 5th, 71 plate 4
"AD 426-450"

Sometimes attributed to the rare Cherson mint and, if struck in Constantinople as the "CONS" mintmark suggests, only distributed to the region of Cherson in Crimea--the type is not found anywhere else. 

Very rare AE2. Very large for this century.  Remarkably nice flan and portrait.  [$395]
None even close to this nice on vcoins or MA-Shops.



Theodosius II, 402-450
13 mm. 1.86 grams.  
cross in wreath, no legend
SMKB mintmark
RIC X 449
Hahn MIRB 84.2

Obverse legend name fully on the flan (which is often not the case) [$15] 




Theodosius II, 402-450
15 mm. 1.70 grams

Two emperors standing (Honorius and Theodosius II) struck 402-450
Portrait in outstanding condition. It is very hard to find any Theodosius II this nice.
If you want just one Theodosius II, consider this one because very few have bolder portraits. [$75 SOLD]



Theodosius II, 402-450
12-11 mm.
Victory facing, holding wreath in each hand
Esty Type 67
Struck 425-450
Rare.  [$39]  



Theodosius I, 379-395
Small coins in very nice condition.
Remarkably nice for the type. 
Unsold coins, your choice $19 for the first, $17 for the second and $15 for the third, plus $2 total shipping in the US (for any number of these three) ALL SOLD.





Coins by emperor in chronological order: 

Links:  Valentinian, Valens, Procopius, Gratian, Valentinian II, Theodosius, Aelia Flacilla, Magnus Maximus, Arcadius, Honorius, Theodosius II, Valentinian III, Leo I  

Valentinian (364-375)


Minting oddity.
Valentinian AE3 overstruck on a slightly larger FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman.
20-19 mm. Obverse portrait weak but legend clear enough.
TINI at 11:00 obverse. TIVS PF AVG from 7:00-10:00 obverse.  Reverse solider spearing is visible as is the overtype (leg right on the exergual line): emperor right with captive
GLORIA begins on the left, but
[REP]ARATIO finishes on the right.

Remarkably complex. I think this shows the FTR types were demonetized and replaced by the AE3s. This flan was only a bit larger than the normal flans, so it was put into service, but the coin was not deeply struck.  Of historical interest and it is extremely hard to find a coin making this point:  [$29]  This particular coin is historically significant evidence. 


Valens, 365-378

     [all sold]


Procopius, 365-366



Gratian, 367-393

Gratian, 367-383
AE4.  14 mm.
VOT / X / MVLT / XX in wreath 
RIC Antioch(?) 56a1
Esty type 26. 
Nice small portrait. [$12]

No VOT X from any mint for Gratian on vcoins as I write this.





Gratian, 367-383
17 mm. 3.12 grams.

Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm. 364-378
RIC Rome 24c
E6.  Lovely green patina [$23]





[$14] Gratian, 367-383
AE4.  VOT / XV / MVLT / XX  in wreath 
RIC Lugdunum 30a, page 48
15 mm. 1,.19 grams.
ex PMV May 16, 1984, lot 254 at $15.  
XV vows are primarly struck for Gratian, although also issued by Valentinian II and Theodosius. 
Esty type 25.


  Gratian, 367-383
  AE4.  VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath
  378-383   (These are vows of Gratian)
  AE14-12. 11:30. 1.17 grams.
  RIC Cyzicus 22a  Very clear reverse type  [$15]
  Esty type 24.



Valentinian II, 375-392

Valentinian II, 375-392
AE2. 23 mm. The largest denomination of the era.
REPARATIO REIPVB. emperor raising kneeling turreted female, holding globe in left with Victory crowning him.
Ex CNG in 1993 with their ticket for $135. It is very high quality for the type and period. 
RIC IX Siscia 26b2. 
Remarkable detail.  [$90 SOLD -- compare to the price in 1993!]




Valentinian II, 375-392
Constantinopolis seated, helmeted head right, holding reversed spear and holding globe right, with her right foot on a tiny prow.
(There are two CONCORDIA types. This one has globe right, the other one has globe left)
17 mm. 6:00. 2.25 grams. RIC Antioch 47b.
ex Kern, Chicago ANA, August 1991. [$15]





Valentinian II, 375-392
17 mm. 2.15 grams.
Emperor on galley left, holding phoenix on globe, Victory at helm.
Only at Thessalonica. RIC Thessalonica 61 "refers to the months of Valentinian II's refuge there [from Magnus Maxmus]"
Rare type. (This is not the commoner big galley type. I got 19 hits for "Valentinian II galley" and all were the large AE2 GLORIA ROMANORVM [as next] and none were of this VIRTVS AVGGG type. ) [$55]



Links:  Valentinian, Valens, Procopius,
Gratian, Valentinian II, Theodosius, Aelia Flacilla,
Magnus Maximus, Arcadius, Honorius,
Theodosius II, Valentinian III, Leo I  

Theodosius, 379-395


AE2. 23-21 mm.
Emperor in galley (ship of state) left
RIC Thessalonica 44b
Lovely surfaces (warmer than in the photo) Good details and grade. [$44 SOLD]




Theodosius, 379-395
Constantinopolis seated, head right, holding reversed spear and holding globe right, with her right foot on a tiny prow.
 17 mm. 12:00. 2.74 grams. RIC Alexandria 11.   [$23 SOLD]
ex. Robert Johnson (shop near the BM) in London, 1988





Theodosius, 379-395
AE2.  22 mm. 11:00. 5.06 grams.
Emperor standing right, spurning captive, holding standard and globe.
383-388  [RIC]   386-393  [DO]
RIC Heraclea 24b2.  [$25 SOLD]




Theodosius, 379-395
AE2. 20 mm. 6:00. 3.39 grams.

Emperor standing facing, head right, holding standard and globe.
393-395 [DO, because Honorius was elevated Jan. 22 (?), 393]   
392-395  [RIC]
   SMNA       RIC Nicomedia 46a1, page 263
   "15 May 392 - 17 Jan. 395"
Darker than the photo and with nice even surfaces.  [$23 SOLD]




Theodosius AE3. CONCORDIA AVGGG, ANT Γ, the rarer variety with no globe, rather her left hand rests on her knee.  RIC Ant 44a4.  [ $13




[$25] Theodosius
AE4. 14 mm.  1.08 grams
RIC Siscia 39b
Esty type 12
Lovely thick green patina. Superb.  A great coin with very high quality. [
$25 SOLD]



[$12] Theodosius. AE2. 23-21 mm. 4.06 grams.
old Sear 4081. Esty Type 41.
Bought in Charing Cross Market, London, 1986. [$12 SOLD]



Aelia Flaccilla, wife of Theodosius.
Large AE2. 23 mm. 3.77 grams.
Struck 383-388 at Alexandria

Empress standing with arms together across her breast
ALEB in exergue
Lovely light "black-and-tan" patina [$55]





Magnus Maximus, 383-388


Magnus Maximus
  24 mm. 12:30. 3.73 grams.
  RIC Lugdunum 33
  mm: LVGS
  page 49, plate IV.14
This type is only for Magnus Maximus.   [$75]
Even dark green-brown patina. 




Late 4th Century AD

The best educational web reference for late Roman AE (Valentinian I and later) is my own site: 
Esty's Guide to Late Roman AE Coin Types, AD 364-450, at

Arcadius, 383-408 (I collected Arcadius by type and if I could find good ones, I bought extra mints as well. Here are good coins assembled during 40 years of collecting.)

I offer two remarkably nice late Roman SALVS REIPVBLICAE AE4s. Please compare the prices with elsewhere. Mostly coins with this better-than-normal flan size and a full flan (including a legible mintmark) are offered at twice the price or more. 


Arcadius, 383-408
18-16 mm.
Constantinople mint
Lovely natural black and tan [$17]



Arcadius, 383-408
15-14 mm.
Nearly facing bust with cross on shield
[Three G's for Arcadius, Honorius, and Theodosius II]
Constantinopolis seated, foot on prow.





[$16 SOLD] Arcadius, 383-408
AE2. 22 mm. 4.22 grams
RIC Antioch 68d1
mm: ANTB

Nice warm brown surface.

 Comapre to:




[$32] Arcadius, 383-408
This type is extremely common for earlier emperors, but not for Arcadius, who became emperor late in this series.
A search of vcoins brings up 327 hits for "Arcadius" and NONE are of this type, much less mint.
RIC Aquileia 45c   [$32] A rare type for Arcadius.

 Compare to




[$19] Arcadius, 383-408
21 mm (and thick). 11:30. 6.14 grams.
RIC Heraclea 27b2, mm: SMHB




[$15]  Arcadius, 383-408.
Emperor on horseback right.
393-395 [DO]
14 mm.  10:30.  1.95 grams.
   RIC Alexandria 22b (but gamma, not beta)
Hard to find.  [$15]
Compare to:

 Compare to:



[$33 SOLD]  Arcadius, 383-408.
Emperor standing right, spurning captive, holding standard and globe.
383-388  [RIC]   386-393  [DO]
21 mm. 4.55 grams.
RIC Antioch 63e. 
Nice metal. 



[$19] Arcadius, 383-408.
AE3. 18 mm. 2.50 grams.
Emperor crowned by Victory
395-401 [RIC X, DO]
Legend fully legible (which is often not the case.)
Ex PMV in 1986 for $19.  Look at the price rise!  (Not!)



11 mm. 1.45 grams
RIC Alexandria 13d
mm: ALEΔ(?)  [$14]


[$17, reduced to $15 SOLD] VRBS ROMA FELIX
Arcadius, 383-408. Struck 402-408.
AE15. 2.09 grams.
RIC X 1278. Officina S
Larger and fuller than most of these.
Esty type 49.  [$17, reduced to $15 SOLD]




Arcadius, 383-408 AD.  GLORIA ROMANORVM/BSISC.  Emperor dragging captive right. A very common type for Valentinian and Valens, but not for Arcadius. None on vcoins as of this writing.  If you want the reverse type, you can get it for other emperors. If you want the reverse type for Arcadius, get this one. [$35]





Victory left drags captive.
388-403  [RIC]     386-403 [DO, p. 113]
AE13. 4:00. 0.75 grams.
RIC Antioch 67d2
Type E39. 
Lovely light cover. Good mintmark. Good portrait. Much better than most of these. 



Arcadius 383-408
Struck 383-388.  AE4.
VICTORIA AVG (ony one "G")
RIC Thessalonica 63c.  This type only at Thessalonica. 
Very scarce.  [$15]



Arcadius, 383-408. 13-12 mm. AE4.
camp gate. RIC 62c, Thessalonica.
Dark green patina. [$15]



Arcadius, 383-408
13 mm.

VOT V in wreath
Full flan, well-centered. Glossy and hard to photogrph.
High quality for type.  [$15]




Honorius, 393-423


12 mm. 6:00. 0.98 grams
RIC Constantinople 90c
mm: CONS (maybe one more S?)
cross-rho in field left
It is extremely hard to find a nice one of these.



13 mm. 11:30. 0.88 grams
Unusually clear name [$22]



Honorius. AE4.  VICTORIA AVGG(G) 
Victory advancing left with wreath and palm, sometimes with christogram in right field
410-423, 425-?c.430  [hRIC, p.172, different dates for different emperors.]
AE12. 6:00. 1.37 grams. S in field left. [RM] below.
Rare type. [$25 SOLD]




15 mm. 
Emperor and 2 captives, one either side
409-410 [DO
SMR Rome mint.
Very Rare type!
RIC X 1355 
[$75 SOLD)








Links:  Valentinian, Valens, Procopius,
Gratian, Valentinian II, Theodosius, Aelia Flacilla,
Magnus Maximus, Arcadius, Honorius,
Theodosius II, Valentinian III, Leo I  

Theodosius II, 402-450

Theodosius II, 402-450
16 mm.
Nearly facing bust with cross on shield
[Three G's for Arcadius (see the previous coin), Honorius, and Theodosius II]
Constantinopolis seated, foot on prow.
Antioch mint.
Slightly less yellowish and more orangeish than the photo [$15]



Theodosius II, 402-450
11 mm.
Bust right, DN THEO ...
cross in wreath  [$9]



Theodosius II, 402-450
Cross in wreath. 13-11 mm. 
[$10, reduced to $8]




Theodosius II, AE2
RIC X 460 "R3" (extremely rare)
20 mm. 5.65 grams.
Theodosius II, helmeted bust right, spear facing forward.
backwards N's in the legend and mintmark CONS
CONCORDIA AGV [sic, they are all spelled this way]
Found only the region of Cherson (Crimea, formerly Ukraine) but with a mintmark of Constantinople.
None on vcoins or MA-Shops as I write. [Now, in October 2019, there are two, much more expensive.] A major rarity! [$175]


Theodosius II(?), 402-450
Rome mint
I have collected AE of this time period for 40 years. This type is rare. [$29, reduced to $25]




Valentinian III, 425-455



Valentinian III, 425-455
Unusually nice. 12 mm. 
Rare vota reverse.

RIC X Rome X 2136
[$129 SOLD]





Valentinian III, 425-455
13-12 mm.
Rare. Nice reverse legend and "camp gate". Clear mint mark RM. Much better than most  [$95]



Leo I, 457-474


Zeno, 474-491

Zeno. 9 mm. Tiny!
His head right/His monogram.






Links:  Valentinian, Valens, Procopius,
Gratian, Valentinian II, Theodosius, Aelia Flacilla,
Magnus Maximus, Arcadius, Honorius, Johannes
Theodosius II, Valentinian III, Leo I  

Continue with:  Byzantine, Arabic, and Medieval coins or with ancient imitations.
Terms of sale are here.  Prices in brackets: [$xx].

Questions? e-mail me, Warren, at:  e-mail

Return to the top.