Roman Emperor Valens, 364-378
His complete AE ancient-coin type set (with photos below).
This page is part of a larger site: "Guide to Late Roman AE Coin Types" (http://augustuscoins.com/ed/ricix/)
and link is to the image on this page
linked to the
|3||RESTITVTOR REIP emp stg w vict on globe||2||S|
|1||RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE emp stg||3||R|
|3||GLORIA ROMANORVM Vict adv left||4||R|
|3||GLORIA ROMANORVM emp. drags captive||5||C|
|3||SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE Vict adv left||6||C|
|2||GLORIA ROMANORVM camp gate||10||R2|
|3||FELICITAS ROMANORVM Vict adv left||11||R3|
|4||VICTORIA AVGGG Victory adv left||12||R4|
Types are in numerical order except for rare types which are listed together at the end. All references to RIC (Roman Imperial Coinage) are to volume IX.
Type 2: AE3. RESTITVTOR REIP
Emperor standing facing, head right, holding standard and Victory on globe.
AE3. 19 mm. 6:00. 2.77 grams.
RIC Sirmium 6b
Scarce, relative to types 5 and 6. The RIC rarity ratings for Balkan mints. especially Siscia, Sirmium, and Thessalonica, are outdated because huge numbers of coins of Valentinian and Valens have been coming out of the Balkans. Pierce, NC 1948, gives hoard numbers for this type and for GLORIA ROMANORVM and SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE. "These four hoards contain over 8,000 coins of our twin types [5 and 6] to 37 of the preceding RESTITVTOR REIP" [this type] p. 70.
Go to the page on this type, Type 2, for more information and images.
Type 5 images: AE3. GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor right drags captive and holds labarum
364-388 [RIC also lists it in the period 388-392 at Trier]
This extremely common type was also struck for Valentinian I, Gratian, Valentinian II, Theodosius, and Arcadius.
AE3. 17 mm. 5:00. 2.30 grams.
RIC Antioch 10b.
Go to the page on this type, Type 5.
Type 6: SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm.
This extremely common type was also struck for Valentinian I, Gratian, and Valentinian II.
AE3. 20-19 mm (larger than most by a mm or two). 5:30.
4.70 grams (heavier than most).
RIC Rome 17b = 24b.
Go to the page on this type, Type 6.
Rare Types of Valens.
Type 3: AE1. RESTIVTOR REIPVBLICAE
Emperor standing facing, head left, holding standard and Victory on globe.
AE1. 28-27 mm. 5:30. 8.168 grams.
RIC Nicomedia 7b. "R3"
Go to the page on this type, Type 3.
Type 4: AE3. GLORIA ROMANORVM
Victory adv l, holding wreath and palm. [Just like type 6, SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE, except with a different legend.]
This reverse type was struck only at Trier. It was also struck for Valentinian I, Gratian, and Valentinian II. It is very rare for all of them.
GLORIA ROMANORVM, but withVictory
AE3. 19-18 mm. 6:00, 2.53 grams
RIC Trier 31 "S", but really quite rare.
Go to the page on this type, Type 4.
Type 10: AE2. GLORIA ROMANORVM
This type was also struck for Valentinian I and Gratian and is very rare for each of them.
GLORIA ROMANORVM, campgate
AE2. 22mm. 4.27 grams.
Image courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group.
CNG auction 63, May 21, 2003, lot 1550, "Unique" (it is maybe unique with this mintmark, but it is not unique as a type in general). This has bust left instead of right, and a unique mintmark: COMTM. The mint to which this refers is not clear.
Go to the page on this type, Type 10.
Type 11: AE3. FELICITAS ROMANORVM
Victory advancing left with wreath and palm. [The type of SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE (type 6) but the legend FELICITAS ROMANORVM.]
Obverse bust can be right or left.
Struck only at Aquileia.
This type also struck for Gratian and Valentinian II, but RIC has it R5 for both. It is very rare for Gratian.
AE3. 17 mm. 2.24 grams.
RIC Aquileia 16b, "R5". This type is very rare.
Go to the page on this type, Type 11.
Type 12: AE4. VICTORIA AVGGG
Victory advancing left with wreath and palm
Common for Valentinian II, Theodosius, and Arcadius. Rare, but typical, for Eugenius. Highly unusual for Valens, Gratian, and Honorius.
Common in excellent condition from Siscia for Valentinian II and Theodosius.
[No image for Valens, for which RIC has it as R4 from only one mint. It is extremely rare for Valens (if, in fact, it exists for Valens).
Here is one for Arcadius.]
Arcadius. AE4. 14 mm. 1.28 grams. RIC Siscia 39d.
For type sets of other emperors, go to the page with links to type sets for each late Roman emperor.
Go to the main page of late Roman AE types.
Go to the main Table of Contents page for this whole group of educational pages.