Roman emperor Valentinian I, AD 364-375.
    His complete AE ancient-coin type set (with photos below).


This page is part of a larger site: "Guide to Late Roman AE Coin Types" (http://augustuscoins.com/ed/ricix/

size

reverse description
    and links to the image below

Type number
linked to the
type page
rarity
3 VOT / V / MVLT / X in wreath            1    S
3 RESTITVTOR REIP  emp stg w vict on  globe            2    S
1 RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE  emp stg            3    S
3 GLORIA ROMANORVM   Vict adv left            4    R
3 GLORIA ROMANORVM   emp. drags captive            5    C
3 SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE   Vict adv left            6    C
2 GLORIA ROMANORVM  camp gate           10   R2


Types are in numerical order except for rare types (Types 4 and 10) which are listed together at the end. All references to RIC (Roman Imperial Coinage) are to volume IX. 
 



Type 1:  AE3. VOT / V / MVLT / X  in wreath
25 Feb. 364 - late 364 [RIC]

Sirmium


Valentinian I
VOT / V / MVLT / X
AE3. 20 mm. 12:00. 2.76 grams. 
RIC Sirmium 8.



Only for Valentinian, so it must be dated before the the news of the elevation of Valens reached the mint.  RIC p. 156.
Some call it "rare" but there are really enough of them to only be "scarce" and demand is not high, so it does not bring much of a premium.
It is struck essentially only at Sirmium. However, it is recorded in RIC as extremely rare (R4) from Ludunum.

See the page on Type 1 for more information and images.



Type 2:  AE3.  RESTITVTOR REIP
Emperor standing facing, head right, holding standard and Victory on globe.
364-367
2  


Valentinian I
RESTITVTOR REIP
AE3. 18mm. 6:00. 2.26 grams.
RIC Sirmium 6a


Scarce, relative to types 5 and 6. The RIC rarity ratings for Balkan mints. especially Siscia, Sirmium, and Thessalonica, are outdated because huge numbers of coins of Valentinian and Valens have been coming out of the Balkans.Pierce, NC 1948, gives hoard numbers for this type and for GLORIA ROMANORVM and SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE. "These four hoards contain over 8,000 coins of our twin types [5 and 6] to 37 of the preceding RESTITVTOR REIP."  p. 70.

See the page on Type 2 for more information and images.



Type 3:  AE1. RESTIVTOR REIPVBLICAE
Emperor standing facing, head left, holding standard and Victory on globe.
364-367

V

 
Valentinian I
RESTIVTOR REIPVBLICAE
AE1. 27 mm. 5:30. 9.78 grams. 
RIC Heraclea 2.  "R4"

 

Struck for Valentinian I, Valens, and Gratian.
It is rare or at least scarce for Valentinian, significantly rarer for Valens, and of extreme rarity for Gratian. (I have never seen one offered.)


See the page on Type 3 for more information and images.


 



Type 4 is rare and shown below
  



Type 5:  AE3. GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor right drags captive and holds labarum
364-388   [RIC also lists it in the period 388-392 at Trier]
V


Valentinian

GLORIA ROMANORVM
AE3.  mm. 2.57 grams. 6:00
RIC Siscia 14a
with control marks xxxiii




This type is very common, except for Arcadius. It is scarce for Arcadius.

Occasionally at Rome the officina number is spelled out: PRIMA, SECVNDA, TERTIA, QVARTA, each preceded by a "R" for Rome.
For a web page emphasizing this numbering system, see my page "Officina numbers on late Roman coins."

Pierce, NC 1948, gives hoard numbers for this type and for SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE. "These four hoards contain over 8,000 coins of our twin types [5 and 6] to 37 of the preceding RESTITVTOR REIP."  [type 2] p. 70. And, that was in 1948, long before the flood of coins out of the Balkans beginning in 1990 in which types 5 and 6 are very common.

See the page on Type 5 for more information and images.
 



Type 6:  SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm.
364-378
V


Valentinian I
SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE, Victory
18mm. 6:00. 2.54 grams.
RIC Constantinople 21a.



Very common. 
Also struck for Valens, Gratian, and Valentinian II.

Pierce, NC 1948, gives hoard numbers for this type and for SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE. "These four hoards contain over 8,000 coins of our twin types [5 and 6] to 37 of the preceding RESTITVTOR REIP."  [type 2] p. 70. And, that was in 1948, long before the flood of coins out of the Balkans beginning in 1990 in which types 5 and 6 are very common.

Occasionally at Rome the officina number is spelled out: PRIMA, SECVNDA, TERTIA, QVARTA, each preceded by a "R" for Rome.
For a web page emphasizing this numbering system, see my page "Officina numbers on late Roman coins."

See the page on Type 6 for more information and images.

 



Type 10 is rare and shown below.

 




Rare types for Valentinian. 


Type 4:  AE3. GLORIA ROMANORVM
Victory adv l, holding wreath and palm. [Just like type 6, SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE, except with a different legend.]
364-378
    This reverse type was struck only at Trier.

No image. Here is one for Valens:  

                                       Valens, GLORIA ROMANORVM, with Victory. AE18. 12:00. 2.33 grams. Trier 6b = Trier 31b = Trier 47a

Also minted for Valens, Gratian, and Valentinian II. It is rare for Valens and very rare for Valentinian I, Gratian, and Valentinian II.

See the page on Type 4 for more information and images.



Type 10:  AE2. GLORIA ROMANORVM
Camp gate
367-375

No photo.  Here is one for Valens:   Vn

                                                        Valens. AE2. 22mm. 4.27 grams.  Image courtsey of Classical Numismatic Group.
CNG auction 63, May 21, 2003, lot 1550, "Unique" (maybe it is unique with this mintmark, but it is not unique as a type in general).   
This has bust left instead of right, and a unique mintmark: COMTM. The mint to which this refers is not clear.   

Struck for Valentinian, Valens, and Gratian. It is very rare for each, and because of its large size and campgate, its rarity makes it much more valuable than the other types.

See the page on Type 10 for more information and images.
 


The end of types of Valentinian.

For type sets of other emperors, go to the page with links to type sets for each late Roman emperor

Go to the main page of late Roman AE types.

Go to the main Table of Contents page for this whole group of educational pages.