GENIO POPVLI ROMANI coins of Domitius Domitianus, Severus II, Maximinus II, Constantine, and Licinius
 
            (Go to the page of folles of DiocletianMaximianConstantius, or Galerius. First Tetarchy folles by mint.)

Roman coins ("folles") of the common GENIO POPVLI ROMANI type from various mints. Each has
Genius standing left with a (small) modius on his head and holding a patera and cornucopia, naked but for a cloak ("chlamys") over his left shoulder and hanging down behind the cornucopia. Rare late issues for Licinius and Constantine have Genius holding the head of Serapis. 

What's new?  2022, August 16:  Maximinus II from Antioch.
    July 15, 2022: Severus II as Augustus at Cyzicus
   April 14, 2022: Maximinus II from Nicomedia
   Nov. 26, 2021:  Licinius from Alexandria.
   August 30, 2021:  Maximinus II from Heraclea.

 

Mints active in this period were (in the usual west-to-east order):

London, Treveri (Trier), Lugdunum (Lyons), Ticinum, Aquileia, Rome, Siscia, Serdica, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria. [Carthage and Ostia are also in RIC volume VI, but neither minted this type.]

            (Click the obverse image to go to a larger image of both sides and its description.) 

Severus II:


                 Severus II
                   London
                 Severus II
                     Trier
                  Severus II
                     Lyon
                Severus II
                 Heraclea
 
                Severus II
                 Serdica
                 Severus II
         Cyzicus, as Augustus
                Severus II
                 Antioch
 

 

Domitius Domitianus, Maximinus II, Constantine, and Licinius:
 

          Domitius Domitianus
                   Alexandria
      Maximinus II as Caesar
               Nicomedia
      Maximinus II as Caesar
                Antioch
      Maximinus II as Caesar
                  London   
      Maximinus II as Caesar
                     Trier

     Maximinus II as Augustus
                   Rome 

     Maximinus II as Caesar
                  Heraclea               
        
        Constantine as Caesar
                    Trier
       Constantine as Augustus
                    Ticinum

          Constantine as Caesar
                   Heraclea

        Constantine as Augustus
               Alexandria

         Licinius as Augustus
                 Alexandria

 


 


Domitius Domitianus
who revolted against Diocletian
at Alexandria
27-25 mm. 9.88 grams.
IMP C L DOMITIVS DOMITIANVS AVG
eagle at feet left, B in right field
ALE in exergue
RIC Alexandria 20 "c. 295-296"

During the revolt of Domitius Domitianus at Alexandria he issued this type in his own name and in the names of the four tetrarchs. They are distinguished by the eagle.

 

 

 



Severus II, as Caesar
London
28 mm. 9.80 grams.
nothing in exergue
RIC London 59a "May 305 - Autumn 307"



 

 

 



Severus II, as Caesar
Trier
FL VAL SEVERVS NOB C
27 mm. 
S in left field, F in right field
PTR in exergue
RIC Trier 651 "1 May 305 - early 307"

 

 

 



Severus II, as Caesar
SEVERVS NOB C
33-30 mm. (Remarkably large flan)
altar left, ✳ in right field
PLG in exergue
RIC Lyons 199a "1 May 305 - July 306"

 


Severus II, as Caesar
FL VAL SEVERVS NOB CAESAR
27 mm. 9.54 grams.
A in right field
•SM•SD•

RIC VI Serdica 13a, "1 May 305 - 25 July 306."   

 




 

Severus II, as Caesar
FL VAL SEVERVS NOBIL CAES
27 mm. 9.86 grams.
HTΓ

RIC VI Heraclea 25, "1 May 305 - 25 July 306." 
Sear IV 14634  


 



Severus II, as Augustus
28 mm. 10.93 grams.
IMP C FL VAL SEVERVS PF AVG

Head right, laureate
    ✳

K B
RIC VI Cyzicus 27b "c. 307, early"
Sear IV 14674

Note: At this time and only at this mint the Caesars (Maximinus II and Constantine) had this same reverse design but with legend
GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN


 

 


Severus II, as Caesar
Antioch
28 mm.
FL VAL SEVERVS NOB CAES
Head right, laureate
A in right field
ANT in exergue
RIC Antioch 71a "c. 305"

 




Maximinus II, as Caesar
London
29-27 mm. 8.52 grams.
GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C

Bust right, draped and cuirassed.
nothing in exergue
RIC London 57 "1 May 305 - Autumn 307"


 

 

 


 

Maximinus II, as Caesar
Trier
27 mm.
GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C
Cuirassed bust right
S in left field, F in right field
PTR in exergue
RIC Trier 667b "1 May 305 - early 307"

 

 

 




Maximinus II, as Caesar
Heraclea
28-27 mm. 11.45 grams (heavy)
GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES
HTΔ
RIC Heraclea 26b "1 May 305 - 26 July 306"


 

Maximinus II, as Caesar
Nicomedia
27-26 mm. 10.47 grams.

GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES
SMNB
RIC Nicomedia 40 "1 May 305-July 306"
i.e. as Caesar of the Second Tetrarchy



Maximinus II, as Caesar
Antioch
 
27 mm. 10.42 grams.
Struck c. 305 during the Second Tetrarchy.

GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES
   Є
ANT 

RIC Antioch 71b
Sear IV 14751

 

 



Constantine, as Caesar
Trier
29-28 mm. 
Bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen slightly from the rear.
S in left field, A in right field
PTR in exergue
RIC Trier 694 "c. Spring 307"


 

 

 




Constantine, as Caesar
Heraclea
28-27 mm. 8.27 grams.
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES
HTA in exergue
RIC Heraclea 31 "later 306 - earlier 307"



 

 

 

The GENIO POPVLI ROMANI type been discontinued everywhere c. 307 before Constantine became Augustus, but it was revived twice in a reduced module--once by Constantine after the Battle at the Milvian Bridge in late 312 at Rome and Ticinum for Constantine, Maximinus, and Licinius, as Augusti, and a second time by Licinius at Alexandria for Licinius and Constantine after the death of Maximinus II in 313.



Constantine, as Augustus
Ticinum, struck 312-313
21-19 mm. 3.61 grams. (Much smaller than earlier folles.)
TT in exergue
RIC VI Ticinum 117 "312-313"

 





Maximinus II, as Augustus
Rome
23 mm.  (Much smaller than the earlier folles)

IMP MAXIMINVS PF AVG
RQ in exergue
RIC VI Rome 294b
 
 
Coins of Alexandria from the second revival of this legend have Genius holding the head of the Egyptian god Serapis. Only Licinius and Constantine were included, so we infer Maximinus II was already dead and the type commenced 313 when he died.

Licinius
22-20 mm. 5.40 grams. (Much smaller than the earlier folles.)
IMP C LIC LICINNIVS PF AVG (spelled with NN in LICINNIVS)
Genius holds head of Serapis in his right hand
N over palm branch in left field
H over wreath in right field
ALE 
in exergue
RIC VII Alexandria 5 "313-314"

This type is small, late, and rare.
 



Constantine, as Augustus
Alexandria
21 mm. 6.03 grams.  (Much smaller than the earlier folles.)
II over palm branch in left field
FL VALER CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Genius holds head of Serapis in his right hand
Δ over wreath in right field
ALE
• in exergue
RIC VII Alexandria 4 "313-314"

This type is small, late, and rare


 
 

Go to the page of GENIO POPVLI ROMANI folles of DiocletianMaximianConstantius, or Galerius.

Links to pages of coins of the tetrarchies

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