Galerius, Roman Emperor AD 293-311. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Caesar of the first tetrarchy of the Roman Empire, 293-305, and Augustus of the second, 305-311.  
            (Go to the page of folles of DiocletianMaximianConstantius, or later rulers.)

Roman coins ("folles") of the common GENIO POPVLI ROMANI type from various mints. Each has
Genius standing left with a (small) modius* on his head and holding a patera and cornucopia, naked but for a cloak ("chlamys") over his left shoulder and hanging down behind the cornucopia.

     * RIC makes a distinction between a "modius on head"  and a "head towered" . Often the headdress is somewhere in between these examples and it is so hard to draw the line that I have decided not to attempt to make the distinction. It is not obvious it is an meaningful difference. 

What's new?  (2020, Sept. 17) Galerius as Augustus at Antioch. (2020, July 22) Galerius at Lugdunum.  (2020, March 23) Galerius at Nicomedia. Galerius at Serdica as Caesar.

London, Treveri, Lugdunum (Lyons), Ticinum, Aquileia (none here), Rome, Siscia (none here), Serdica, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus (none here), Antioch, and Alexandria. [Carthage and Ostia are also in RIC volume VI, but neither minted this type.]

            (Click the obverse image to go to a larger image of both sides and its description.) 
 

                  London                     Trier                       Lugdunum                    Lugdunum

                 Lugdunum                    Ticinum                     Rome                       Serdica
               Serdica, as Augustus                      Thessalonica                       Thessalonica                      Heraclea
                 Heraclea                       Nicomedia                       Antioch                   Antioch, as Augustus
                      Alexandria

 


Note:  The coins of Galerius give "MAXIMIANVS" as part of his name which is the name we use for a different ruler, Maximianus. The main parts of their names were the same so modern writers distinguish them by using 
"Galerius" for          Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus    and 
"Maximianus" for Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus. 
Maximianus was never Caesar on his coin legends and Galerius was Caesar for 11 years, so any coin with "MAXIMIANVS" as Caesar must be of Galerius.
By the way, the emperor we call "Maximinus II" was Galerius Valerius Maximinus, and his coin-legends often differ from those of Galerius by only one easy-to-overlook letter. Coins of Maximinus II omit the A in MAXIMIANVS.


Galerius
London
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
28-26 mm. 8.23 grams.
nothing in exergue
RIC London 15 "c. 300 onward"




Galerius
Trier
28-26 mm. 9.66 grams.
MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C
S in left field, F in right field
PTR in exergue
RIC Trier 594b "c. 303- 1 May 305" (i.e. the last issue before becoming Augustus)

 


 

 




Galerius
Lyons
28 mm. 10.43 grams.
MAXIMIANVS NOB C
altar left, A in right field
PLG in exergue
RIC Lugdunum (Lyons) 166b "c. 301-303"


 

 

 




Galerius
Lyons
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Consular bust, laureate, left with eagle-tipped scepter
altar left, A in right field
PLG in exergue
RIC Lugdunum 146b "c. 301-303"



Galerius
Lyons
MAXIMIANVS NOB C
laureate and cuirassed bust right
PLG in exergue
Altar to left, star (weak) in right field

RIC Lugdunum 164b "301-303"



 

 

 



Galerius
Ticinum
26 mm. 9.81 grams.
MAXIMINVS NOB CAES
✳ in left field
ST in exergue
RIC Ticinum 32b "c. 296-297"



 

 

 


Galerius
Rome
31-26 mm. 6.60 grams (thin and light!)
MAXIMINVS NOB CAES
Q✳ in exergue
RIC Rome 95b "c. 299"





Galerius, as Caesar
Serdica
28-27 mm. 10.32 grams.
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
      A
•SM•SD•
RIC Serdica 4b "c. 303/4-5"

 

 



Galerius, as Augustus
Serdica
27 mm. 9.42 grams.
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
            E in right field
 •SM•SD• in exergue
RIC Serdica 12b "May 305 - 25 July 306"
(i.e. After he became Augustus and before Constantius died.)

 

 



Galerius
Thessaloncia
28-27 mm. 11.33 grams.
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
TSB in exergue
RIC Thessalonica 20b "c. 298-299"

 

 

 



Galerius
Thessalonica
27-25 mm. 8.89 grams.
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
E in right field
• T S •  in exergue
RIC Thessalonica 26b "c. 302-303"

 



Galerius
Heraclea
28 mm. 10.06 grams.
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
HTΔ in exergue
RIC Heraclea 18b "296-297"

 

 



Galerius
Nicomedia

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES

SMNA in exergue
RIC Nicomedia 30b "c. 303-4"

Nicomedia often has portraits with an extreme bull-neck. 





Galerius
Heraclea
28 mm. 9.71 grams.

HTS in exergue
RIC Heraclea 20b "297-298"

 

 



Galerius
Antioch
28-26 mm. 8.52 grams.
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
A in right field
ANT in exergue
RIC Antioch 59b "c. 304-305"




Galerius as Augustus
Antioch
27 mm. 10.96 grams.
IMP C GAL V MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
  I in right field
ANT•
RIC Antioch 706 "c. 305"

 

 



Galerius
Alexandria
26 mm. 10.80 grams.
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
XXI in left field, Δ in right field
ALE in exergue
RIC Alexandria 31b "c. 300"


The revival of the mark "XXI" suggests Diocletian's Edict of Maximum Prices was accompanied by an attempt to assure the people that the coins had the composition introduced by Aurelian, "20 parts copper and one part silver" (nearly 5% silver). Since silver was worth 80 times the value of copper, every percent mattered to the intrinsic value of the coin.

 
 

Go to the next page with other GENIO POPVLI ROMANI folles.

Return to a page with folles of Diocletian, Maximian, or Constantius.

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