Ancient imitations of Roman coins of
Severus Alexander (AD 222-235) and his family
including Julia Mamaea, his mother.

  Imitations of Severus Alexander are very common. 

Severus Alexander (AD 222-235)
imitation Severus Alexander   19-18 mm.  12:00

The style looks official, but the design is quite weak and the silver break (at the back of the head) does not show a distinct silver "foil," but the silver is rather thick.
IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped, head right
    /PM TRP VI COS II PP, Aequitas holding blanance and cornucopiae.
This is an official type of AD 227 (RIC 64, page 75).
I wonder if this imitation was cast in base metal from a genuine piece and somehow surface silvered afterwards? I need to study it, and the many others like it, more.

SASA    Silver 17 mm. 6:00.

Hybrid imitation. Reverse of Julia Mamaea (or, Julia Domna, who was earlier).
A very crude base silver imitation. I would not regard it as plated, but solid base silver. Very unusual. 
It is both cruder workmanship and better silver than almost all Severus Alexander imitations. A mystery.

sharp   18mm. 12:00. 2.29 grams.

A remarkably sharp strike.
This coin shows no sign of silver, but is struck, not cast.
I don't understand it. Without silver, how could it be deceptive? Why is the workmanship so good?
This is the sharpest AE imitation I have seen of the period.
IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, darped, cuir. bust right
    /PM TRP VII COS II PP, Mars standing right with reversed spear and shield
Prototype: RIC 74, p. 76, AD 228.

Severus Alexander, black   19 mm. 12:30.  2.72 grams

Black, of official style.  Probably a cast.
    /PR TRP VIII COS III PP, Sol standing slightly right, head left, raising right and holding globe in left.
Sear 2128/9.  RIC 102, page 78 of AD 230.
BMC 630, page 177, plate 22.630 (3.29 grams) AD 230.

Severus Alexander prototype

Glossy dark imitation. Possibly cast, although the edges do not show any signs of it. The lettering, though, is not crisp.
AE18. 6:00. 2.47 grams.
    /PM TRP VII COS II PP, Romulus or Mars (or emperor) advancing right with spear in right hand and trophy over left shoulder.
Prototype here:  AR20. 6:30. RIC 82 "later part of 228". Sear 2227.  BMC 507, issue 9, late 228.

PTM   AE18. 12:00. 3.04 grams.

Official style for the "Eastern mint", but with a spelling error.
IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen slightly from the rear
    /PTMRP COS     [sic -- "PTM" instead of the correct "PMT"]
     Mars standing left, holding branch and spear.
Prototype Sear 2.7980. BMC 1007, plate 32 with PMT, struck AD 222 "Eastern mint, issue 1."

SASA   AE 18. 3.02 grams. 12:00.

Struck, but with no remaining silver.
MARS VLTOR  Mars walking right holding spear and shield
BMC 831 for prototype.
"issue 15, 232 AD"


Young portrait.
AE18-17. 2.53 grms. 12:00.
Prototype RIC (Antioch) 275 of 223 AD.
BMC 1051 "Eastern mint" plate 32, "223 AD"


Cast "limes falschung". An unusual cast dupondius.
AE 21. 12:00. 5.86 grams.
Clearly larger and thicker than a denarius or antoninianus.
Ironically, the reverse is
RIC 601prototype is "scarce."
The original should weigh 9 - 12 grams.
The type is discussed for a page in BMC p. 70.

Julia Mamaea
Mother of Severus Alexander, with coins issued from the beginning of his reign to at least 233.

Julia Mamaea imitation   18-19mm. 5:30

A high grade and well struck fourrée. The reverse type is not a type that belongs with a female obverse, and that type was, of course, not issued by Mamaea.
IVLIA MA-MAEA AVG, diademed, draped bust right
    /VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, holding globe (should this be Victory on globe?) and reversed spear.

19mm. 7:30. 2.77 grams.                                                                                        Prototype:  AR20. 6:00. 2.90 grams
Fourrée of very good style. The obverse is quite well done, but less care was expended on the reverse.
Official coins almost always have a die axis near 6:00 or 12:00. One at 7:30 would strongly suggest an imitation, even if the silver-over-copper were not so clear.
    /IVNO CONSERVATRIX, Juno standing left, holding patera and sceptre, peacock at feet.
Sear 2310.  RIC 343, page 98, plate V.4, struck "later 222" at Rome. 

Continue with the next page on imitations of Maximinus (235-238)

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