Roman VOTA coins of the second century in chronological order 

Except for an extremely rare vota denarius under Augustus, vota types begin under Hadrian (117-138) [None of Hadrian are illustared here.] 
 

Antoninus Pius, 138-161
An as.  26 mm and 10.05 grams.

In the second century and the first half of the third century some vota types do not explicitly say "vota" but refer to the celebrations.
"PRIMI DECENNALES" ("the first ten years") types. 
An as of Antoninus Pius .
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XI   (11th year)
PRIMI/DECEN/NALES/COS IIII/SC, in wreath.

Sear 4310. RIC 853a "147-8". BMC 1817. 
This type has a date (TRP XI) on it.

 

 

Marcus Aurelius, Caesar 141-161, Augustus 7 March 161-180.
Denarius. 
IMP M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXV
Year 25, which is Dec. 170- Dec. 171.
PRIMI/DECEN/NALES/COS/III
This coin mentions year 10 as Augustus, not since he became Caesar.
161 was year 1, so 170 was year 10. This coin was struck as or after the tenth year was concluding. 

 

 

 

 

 

Lucilla (wife of Lucius Verus, 161-169, and daughter of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina II)
Denarius. 18 mm.
LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F
VOTA/PVBLI/CA in wreath.

Sear II 5494. RIC 791 (under Marcus. "Scarce"). BMC 329 "169".  

BMC proposes that this type commemorates the vows at her marriage in 169 to a distinguished knight, after Lucius died.  [BMC cxxxiv.]

 

 

 

 

Lucilla (wife of Lucius Verus, 161-169, and daughter of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina II)
Denarius. 19-18 mm.
LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F

Dot in wreath, VOTA PVBLICA around

Sear II 5495. RIC 792 (Lucius Verus) "R2". BMC (M.A. and L.V.) 331.

The Reka-Devnia hoard had only 2 compared to 98 of the previous type. 

 

 


Pertinax, Jan. 1 - March 28, 193 (86 days)
Denarius. 18-17 mm.
IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG
VOT DECEN TRP COS II
Pertinax standing left, holding patera over tripod altar
Sear II 6048. RIC 13a "R2". BMC 24

Although he reigned only 86 days, he issued this type with vows for ten years. Clearly they are vows taken (suscepta). The Pius piece above refers to vows for ten years paid (soluta) as can be seen by the TRP XI date, but this coin proves that vows for ten years can be recorded on coins from the beginning of the reign. 

 

 

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