Maurice  (582-602),
including coins often attributed to Justin II and Sophia (565-578)
Images.
Justin II and Sophia:  The attribution of types with obverse legend "XEPCONOC" to Justin II by Anokhin and Hahn is rejected here in favor of attribution to Maurice, as in Dumbarton Oaks and Sear.  My reasons are given here. However, most dealers are now using the attribution to Justin II.  

Maurice  (582-602) [Types 13-16 are in the name of the city, Cherson. Types 17-18 are in the name of Maurice]

ES13
30
two figures
XEPCWNOC
figure, M A315
So3.1-2
S603 LD
Maurice
B357 G162 DO I: LXXX
297.1-2
The M type with legend of Maurice, Sear 604, does not exist.
Sabatier's line drawing of this type with legend DNMAV.... for Maurice, reproduced in Sear, has been proven by Sidorenko to accidentally combine drawings of two different coins.
ES14
24
two figures
XEPCWNOC
figure, K A316
So3.3
S608
Maurice
B359 G-- (298) Sear 609, this type but with legend DMMAV..., does not exist.
A--, B--, DO --
A--, B--, DO --, Hahn --
ES15
30
two figures
XEPCONOC
figure, H A317
So3.4-6
So5.3-6
S605,
S606
Maurice
B356
Hahn Justin II 158
Tiberius II 158
Phocas 158
G161 299.3, 300.2
6 pieces, slight variants
Sear 605 and 606 are very similar.
Sear 605 has all three figures nimbate and no cross between the obverse heads
Sear 606 has them not nimbate and a cross between the obverse heads
There are other varieties (see below)
Sokolova 6.2 is this type with a Heraclius monogram countermark
Hahn, MIB II spreads these across Justin II, Tiberius II, and Phocas. 
ES16
24
two figures
XEPCONOC
figure, Δ A318
319
So3.7
S610 LD 
(rev only)
Maurice
B358
Hahn
Justin II 161
Phocas 161
G163 DO 301 There are later cast imitations
See belowHahn does not give any Δ pieces to Tiberius II.
ES17
30
two figures
DNMA...
figure, H A320
So4.1-4
S607 B458
LD
G-- DO I, 303.2
3 pieces
All figures nimbate, cross between heads on the obverse 
ES18
25
two figures
DNMA...
figure, Δ A321
So5.1-2
S611 B460 G-- DO-- There are later smaller cast imitations
See below.

 

Type ES13, XEPCωNOC, M (Sear 603)  [Note the ω form, later an O]


M

Type ES13
AE32-30.  6:00. 12.38 grams.
All figures nimbate. No cross between the obverse heads.
XEPCω-NOC
Sear 603. Anokhin 315. (13.69 grams).

[Extremely rare]

[Sear 604 (this type, but with legend of Maurice) probably does not exist.]

 

 

 



Type ES13
30 mm. 7:00. 14.57 grams.
XEP-CωNOC
All figures nimbate. No cross between the obverse heads.

Sear 603. Anokhin 315 (13.69 grams).

[Extremely rare.]

 

Type ES14, XEPCωNOC, K (Sear 608) 

 

 

Type ES14
23 mm. 7.24 grams.
XEPC
ωNOC
Sear 608
A316. Hahn II 162 "Justin II"
DO I Maurce (298) not in DOI, page 373.

[Extremely rare]

[Sear 609 (this type, but with legend of Maurice) probably does not exist.]

 


 


Type ES15: XEPCONOC, H (Sear 605, 606)

Note:  Sear 605 and 606 are very similar and assigned the same type-number here. Their differences and other varieties are distinguished next. The distinctions are whether
      1) the figures are nimbate (with a halo) or not, and
      2) whether there is a cross between the heads on the obverse. 

           All nimbate without a cross   [Sear 605, Maurice. A 317 Justin II. DO Maurice 299.3 (of 3). MIB II Justin II 158c. Sokolova III.4, III.5, and V.6. HahnNCirc 16. First coin below]
           All not nimbate with a cross  [Sear 606 (no photo). MIB II Tiberius II 158b, plate 17 and Phocas 158a, plate 38 (these two are not distinguished, but the illustrated example for Phocas is smaller, even though the weight standard is recorded as the same. The examples below are slightly larger in diameter than his photos. Sokolova V.3, 4, and 5.  HahnNCirc 13, maybe 15 as well which might be nimbate--it is hard to tell.]
           All nimbate with a cross  [DO 300.2, Maurice, plate LXXX (the cross is hard to see; Grierson 161 for Maurice. Sokolova III.6. HahnNC 14.  
           The BN has no examples of any of these "H, XEPCONOC" pieces and cites DO.
           There are examples with the obverse figures nimbate and the reverse figure not (with a cross between the obverse heads) [Third coin below.]

 

 

Type ES15
33 mm. 14.69 grams.
XEP-CONOC
Sear 605 (All figures nimbate, no cross between obverse heads)
DO I, Maurice 299.3, plate LXXX
(DO 300 has figures not nimbate)
Sokolova III. 5, and similar to 4 and 6, as well.

 

 

 

 

 

Type ES15
30 mm. 6:00. 12.27 grams.
XEP-CONO..
Sear 605 (All figures nimbate) variety with cross between obverse heads
Anokhin 317 "Justin II"
DO I, Maurice 299.3, plate LXXX
(DO 300 has figures not nimbate)
Sokolova III. 5, and similar to 4 and 6, as well.

 


  H
 
 

 

Type ES15
30-28 mm. 6:00. 10.70 grams.
XEP-CONO
As above, but nimbate/not nimbate.
Sear Byz 605/606 (because the reverse is not nimbate.
Apparently a minor variety.
Anokhin 317 variety -- the reverse is not nimbate.
Sokolova V.3-4 are crowned, not nimbate on either side.
Hahn, N Circ 1978 has four examples, all nimbate.
Not nimbate, with cross, Sear 606:
  H
 

 


Type ES15
29-26 mm. 6:30. 11.15 grams.
XEP-...
Figures not nimbate.
Anokhin 318-319
Sear 606 (no figures nimbate, cross between obverse heads)
Sokolova 3.7













Type ES15
32-29 mm. 10.81 grams. 6:00.
Sear 606 (no figures nimbate, cross between obverse heads)
Anokin 320.
DO I 300, plate LXXX (not nimbate, 10.62 g)

Obverse die match with Sokolova V.3 (Note the "R" for "P" in "XER")

 

 

  H

 

 

 
Type ES15
33-26 mm. 12:30. 9.70 grams.
Sear 606 (no figures nimbate, cross between obverse heads)
Anokin 320.
DO I 300, plate LXXX (not nimbate, 10.62 g)

 

Type ES15 with a countermark of Heraclius:




Type ES15 with large countermark of Heraclius
Sear 605 (nimbate) with countermark of Heraclius
(Sear monogram 32)
XEP ...
30-26 mm. 13.70 grams.

Sokolova VI.2 has this countermark on this type, also in almost this position. 

The DO example of Heraclius 311 (type ES19) has this countermark. 

 

 

 

 

Type ES16, XEPCONOC, Δ (Sear 610)

  delta
 

Type ES16
24 mm. 6:30. 7.01 grams. Extremely nice condition.
XEP-CONOC
All figures nimbate. Reverse figure holds long sceptre with cross-rho on top.
Sear 610. Anokhin 318-319, closer to 318 (5.85 g, 6.90 g)
DO I 301 (5.03 g).  Hahn NC 1978 17
Sokolova III.7
Grierson 10.163 (5.03 g)

 

 


610610

 

  Type ES16
  24-23 mm. 6:00. 6.51 grams.
  XEP-CONOC
  Sear 610
 


 

delta


 

   Type ES16
   24 mm. 6:00. 7.05 grams.
   All figures nimbate. Reverse figure holds long sceptre with cross on top.
   Sear 610. Anokhin 318-319.
  

 

XEPONOOC, Δ (Sear 610 variety--not nimbate)
  delta

Type ES16
Irregular shape 26-20 mm. 6:30. 6.07 grams.
...-CONOC
Sear 610v "Maurice". Variety with figures not nimbate.
Anokhin 318-9 are both nimbate.
Hahn NCirc 1978, figures 17 and 24 are not nimbate.
The October issue, p. 472, mentions in the text a non-nimbate
variety as "Type II", one of three types. 


 



Types ES17 and 18, in the name of Maurice, with H or Δ (Sear 607 and 611)

H

 


Type ES17
31-30 mm. 12:00. 13.22 grams.
All figure nimbate, cross between obverse heads.
(Pieces in the name of Maurice are always nimbate.)    
Sear 607. Anokhin 320 variety with figures on dias,
as Sokolova IV.4 and Hahn NC (1978) 21-22.
Obverse legend: DN MAV- RIC PP AVG
This has the obverse legend given in Anokhin, who has only one example.

H

Type ES17
32-30 mm. 6:00. 11.45 grams.
Sear 607.
Anokhin 320 variety with figures on dias,
   as Sokolova IV.4 and Hahn NC (1978) 21-22.
The "dias" on this example is two lines, unlike the previous example, which has a solid dias.
Obverse legend: DN MAVRC [sic] - AVS [G?] PP AV
somewhat like the ideal legend, but missing an "I" between "R" and "C", and it ends "AV" instead of "AVG".
Sear gives the legend incorrectly, "PP AVG AVG or similar."
The obverse legend would be odd if it really had "AVG" attempted twice, although the "S" form could be a Byzantine "G", which would yield the second "AVG". Here is my speculation. Maurice's name could be rendered "MAVRICVS" and I wonder if that is represented here by "MAVRCAVS", which would not be the same spelling, but not far from the correct pronunciation.

SB607
 
 
Type ES17
27 mm. 6:00. 11.79 grams.
Sear 607. 
Anokhin 320 variety with figures on dias,
   as Sokolova IV.4 and Hahn NC (1978) 21-22.
The "dias" on this example is two lines, unlike the second previous example, which has a solid dias.
Obverse legend: DN MAVR - AVS [G?] PP AV
somewhat like the ideal legend, but missing an "IC" between "R" and "AVS", and it ends "AV" instead of "AVG".
Sear gives the legend incorrectly, "PP AVG AVG or similar."


 

HType ES17 
30 mm. 6:00. 11.70 grams.
Sear 607. Anokhin 320 variety with figures on dias,
(fully raised, not just outlined)
as Sokolova IV.4 and Hahn NC (1978) 21-22.
Obverse legend: DN MAV- AVS [G?]  PP AV
  

 



 


Type ES18, Sear 611, Δ 

delta


Type ES18
Irregular shape. 27-20 mm, 12:00, 5.32 grams.
Sear 611. Anokhin 321.
Obverse legend similar to A321: DN M - RI PP A  [blundered, with letters missing]
   which is shorter than the legend usually given in references. The legend given in references is a full version of what is presumed to be the intended legend, but not what is really found on the coins.
 



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