Vetranio, Roman emperor, 350 AD.
His AE coins types issued in his name and in the names of Constantius II and Constantius Gallus
The main Vetranio page has images of coins of all six AE types issued by Vetranio in his own name.
This page repeats those six types and includes all four which were also issued in the name of Constantius II, and
all three which were continued later under Constantius Gallus.
CONCORDIA - MILITVM
Emperor standing front, holding in each hand a standard with ch-rho.
This type was issued simultaneously with the HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS type.
Vetranio, RIC Siscia 285 (A behind and * in front of bust)
23 mm. 4.56 grams. 12:00.
Vetranio, RIC Thessalonica 132 (A to left, B to right, star above, mintmark •TSΔ•)
25-23 mm. 6.28 grams. 11:30.
Constantius II. RIC Siscia 285. A in field left, both obverse and reverse. Struck under Vetranio.
25 mm. 4.78 grams. 6:00
Constantius II. RIC Siscia 280. A in field left, both obverse and reverse. Mintmark <dot> ΓSIS*
23 mm. 4.87 grams. 6:00.
Constantius Gallus. RIC Sicisa 30.
22 mm. 4.16 grams. 12:00.
The type, initiated by Vetranio, was continued for Gallus.
"III" in reverse left field. Struck after Gallus became Caesar March 15, 351 (well after Vetranio abdicated) to August 351 when the mint was taken over by Magnentius for about a month until it was retaken by Constantius II, after which the type was apparently not resumed (according to RIC, even though it was issued then at Sirmium--see the next coin). Coins of this type and the next are perhaps three or four times as common for Constantius II as for Gallus, so it might be that this type was discontinued within a year of the elevation of Gallus. For Gallus, two scarce AE3 types and then common FEL TEMP REPARATIO galley and soldier-spearing-fallen-horseman types followed it, suggesting the CONCORDIA MILITVM and HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS types were not continued for long in the reign of Gallus, who was deposed and executed in late 354.
Constantius Gallus. RIC Sirmium 24. "III" in reverse left field.
24-23 mm. 5.24 grams. 6:00
Struck, obviously, after the mint at Sirmium was founded c. Sept 351 (almost a year after Vetranio abdicated) using the personnel from one officina of Siscia.
Sirmium did not issue coins for Vetranio. The type, initiated by Vetranio, was continued for Gallus.
Constantius II, RIC Sirmium 21.
24-21 mm. 5.03 grams. 12:30.
The same issue as the above coin for Gallus.
HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS
"In this sign, you will be victorious"
Emperor standing holding standard with chi-rho,
to r. is Victory, crowning him with wreath and holding palm branch
Vetranio RIC Siscia 287 (A behind and * in front of bust)
21 mm. 5.06 grams. 12:30.
Vetranio RIC Siscia 281 (A behind bust, mintmark <dot>BSIS* with A in left field)
23 mm. 4.86 grams. 11:30.
Constantius II, RIC Siscia 283 (A behind bust, * in front, mintmark <dot>ESIS*, A in left field)
23 mm. 4.68 grams. 12:00.
Constantius II. RIC Siscia 282.
The "A" in the left field of the reverse is a control mark attributed to the time of Vetranio, unlike the "III" seen on all Gallus coins of this type.
Gallus did not become Caesar until March 15, 351, well after Vetranio abdicated.
24 mm. 6.09 grams. 12:00
Constantius II, RIC Siscia 304.
*SIS<crescent opening up>
The "III" in the left field of the reverse indicates it was issued alongside the issues of Gallus (see the next coin) and therefore not during the reign of Vetranio.
23-22 mm. 4.80 grams. 6:00.
Constantius Gallus. RIC Siscia 306
23 mm. 6.75 grams. 6:00
Constantius Gallus. RIC Sirmium 22
21 mm. 5.11 grams. 12:00
This coin is from Sirmium, a mint which did not issue coins for Vetranio. The type, initiated by Vetranio, was continued for Gallus.
Struck, obviously, after the mint at Sirmium was founded c. Sept 351.
For comments on Gallus and the Sirmium mint, see above.
VIRTVS - EXERCITVM
Emperor standing front, holding standard with chi-rho, resting left on shield
Vetranio, RIC Thessalonica 126
23 mm. 4.71 grams. 12:00.
This type is only for Vetranio and only at Thessalonica and only struck in this one issue with two minor obverse varieties, one laureate (126) and one pearl-diademed (127).
Emperor standing front, holding standard with chi-rho and reversed spear, leaning left on shield.
Vetranio, RIC Siscia 294
19 mm. 2.64 grams. 1:00
Constantius II. RIC Siscia 293
19-16 mm. 2.54 grams. 12:00
Constantius Gallus. RIC Siscia 356
18 mm. 1.85 grams. 6:00
"Fourth issue" of four from 28 Sept. 351 to 6 Nov. 355.
Emperor standing right holding spear and globe, kicking captive.
Vetranio, RIC Siscia 296
20-18 mm. 2.37 grams. 6:00
Constantius II. RIC Siscia 295
19 mm. 2.38 grams.
VIRTVS - EXERCITVM
Emperor front, holding standard with chi-rho, resting left on shield
Vetranio. RIC Thessalonica 138
18 mm. 2.56 grams. 6:00
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