Coins of Maximian, Roman Emperor 286-305 CE 
The "aurelianus" or "antoninianus" denomination.

A collection of his pre-reform "aureliani" (a.k.a. "antoniniani") in alphabetical order of reverse legend.

Navigation:  Skip to  C,  COMES;   F,  FELICITAS;   H,  HERCVLI;   I,  IOV;   P,  PAX;   S, SALVS;   V, VICTORIA;   V, VOT.
       
     The aureliani of the other tetrarchs are on other pages: Diocletian as Augustus or Constantius and Galerius as Caesars.

All of these coins were struck before the coin reform of c. 294 which introduced the "follis" denomination and discontinued minting of this denomination. The reform was shortly after Constantius I and Galerius were created Caesars in 293, so the Caesars minted relatively few coins of this denomination. For coins of other denominations, see "Introduction to Roman coins of the First Tetrarchy."

      What's new?  2020, July 9: VICTORIA AVGG.  2019, August 7:  SAECVLI FELICIT.  2019, Jan. 7:  SALVS AVGG

 




AA

  ADVENTVS AVGG
  Two horsemen riding right, raising hands, S in exergue
  RIC V.II Maximian 347F, page 261, Lugdunum, AD 290
  Bastien 266 p.165, 6th emission, 2nd officina (289-290 AD).

 

 


AA

  AEQVITAS AVGG
  Aequitas standing left holding balance and cornucopia, B in   exergue.
  RIC V.II Maximian 348, page 261, "Lugdunum, 292-3"
  Bastien 351 p.179, 7th emission, 2nd officina (290-291 AD)

 

 


CC

  COMES AVGG
  Minerva standing left holding vertical spear and resting left elbow on shield, "C" in exergue.
  RIC V.II Maximian 353, page 262, "Lugdunum, 292-3"
  Bastien 448 p.196, 8th emission, 3rd officina (292 AD)

 

 


CA

CONCORDIA AVGG
Two Concordiae clasping hands, one with corncopia
RIC V.II Maximian 355, page 262, "Lugdunum, 294"
Bastien 542 p.215, 11th emission, 2nd officina (293 AD)

 

 


CC

  CONCORDIA MILITVM
  emperor on left receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter on right, holding long vertical scepter. H in field, XXI below.
  RIC V.II Maximian 607, page 291, "Cyzicus, c. 293"

 

 


CC

  CONSERVATOR AVGG
  Bust of Maximian facing left and holding eagle-tipped scepter
  Emperor on left and Jupiter on right, each with a patera over an altar in the middle, and each holding a long scepter in their left hands, in ex: XXI Γ
  RIC V.II Maximian 579 variety in two ways, page 287,  "Siscia, 288". This coin has "P" in the obverse legend and Jupiter instead of Hercules.  Page 246, #262 for Diocletian has this reverse and obverse type H at Siscia. Page 261 has this obverse legend only at Lugdunum.

 

 


**** Three mintmarks from the "coded" series at Siscia (For more on what the "coded" series is, see here.)

CC

  CONSERVATOR AVGG
  Emperor on left and Hercules on right holding pateras over altar in the middle. The emperor holds a long scepter in his left hand and Hercules rests his left hand on a club.
  XXIA HP in exergue.
  RIC V.II Maximian 580, page 287, "Siscia, 289-290"

 

 


CC

  CONSERVATOR AVGG
  Emperor on left and Hercules on right holding pateras over altar in the middle. The emperor holds a long scepter in his left hand and    Hercules rests his left hand on a club.
   •XXIA KOY in exergue.
   RIC V.II Maximian 580, page 287, "Siscia, 289-290"

 

 


CC

CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emperor on left and Hercules on right holding pateras over altar in the middle. The emperor holds a long scepter in his left hand and Hercules rests his left hand on a club.
XXI  ΓΛI 
RIC V.II Maximian 580, page 287, "Siscia 289-290"

***** end of the coded series



FF

FELICITAS AVGG
Felicitas standing front, head left, legs crossed, right holding out caduceus, left elbow leaning on column, B in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian --.  Hunter --, Cayon --. Mint of Lugdunum. Unlisted! There exist FELICIT PVBL and FELICIT PERP legends, also with B in exergue (See the next coin).
Bastien --


MM

FELICIT PVBL
Felicitas standing front, head left, legs crossed, right holding out caduceus, left elbow resting on column,  S in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 360, page 262 "Lugdunum, 290"
Bastien 270 p.165, 6th emission, 2nd officina (289-290 AD)

FF

FIDES MILITVM
Emperor on left receiving globe from Diocletian, on right. Maximian has a short baton and Diocletian has a long scepter.
Γ in field, XXI in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 583 variety ( Γ not listed for this issue, but for the next), page 288, "Siscia, 285-6"



HH

HERCVLI CONSERVAT
Hercules standing right holding club with lion's skin on rock
SXXIT in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 544 page 283, "Ticinum, 285 to 288"


HH

HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG
Hercules standing left holding Victory on globe, lion-skin over left arm, leaning on club.
S in left field, nothing in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 365, page 263, "Lugdunum, 289"
Bastien 177 p.150, 5th emission, 2nd officina (287-289 AD)

 

 

HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG
Hercules standing left holding Victory on globe, lion-skin over left arm, leaning on club.
S in left field, nothing in exergue.
Obverse: radite bust left holding club over far shoulder, lionskin over near (left) shoulder.
RIC V.II Maximian 367, page 263, "Lugdunum, 289"Bastien 190 p.152, 5th emission, 2nd officina (287-289 AD)



HH

HERCVLI PACIFERO
Hercules standing left holding olive branch in right and club and lion-skin in left
Δ in field left, nothing in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 371, page 263 "Lugdunum, 288"
Bastien 95 p.134, 3rd emission, 4th officina (286 AD)


MI

IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter on left and Hercules on right facing each other. Jupiter holds globe and long scepter. Hercules holds Victory on globe and club.
Crescent facing up over Γ in field, XXI in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 622, page 294, "Antioch, 285 to 295"


II

IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter on left and Hercules on right facing each other. Jupiter holds globe and long scepter. Hercules holds Victory on globe and club.
Crescent facing up over  Δ in field, XXI in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 622, page 294, "Antioch, 285 to 295"


II

IOVI AVGG
A in exergue. Jupiter left holding Victory on globe and long scepter, eagle at feet left
Bust left in imperial mantle with eagle-tipped scepter. A in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 384, page 265, "Lugdunum, 290-1"
Bastien 338 p.177, 7th emission, 1st officina (290-291 AD)


MM

IOVI CONSERVAT
Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and long scepter, TXXIT in exergue
RIC V.II Maximian 559, page 284, "Ticinum, 285" 


II

IOVI CONSERVAT
Jupitre standing leaning left with head right, holding thunderbolt and long vertical scepter between two standards,
eagle at feet left, TXXIT in exergue
RIC V.II Maximian 561, page 284 "Ticinum, 290"


II

IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG
Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and long scepter, XXIA in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 506, page 278 "Rome, 285-6"


****** Three varieties from the Tripolis mint:

ICAICA

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG
Victory on left holding palm over shoulder in left and presenting wreath to naked emperor holding globe and long scepter on right.
TR in field and XXI<palm branch> in exergue
RIC V.II Maximian 625 page 295 "Tripolis, 285-290"


ICAICA

IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter on left holds globe and long scepter and receives Victory on globe presented by Hercules holding club.
TR in field and XXI<palm branch> in exergue
RIC V.II Maximian 624, page 295, "Tripolis, 285 to 290"


ICAICA

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG
Emperor on left holds baton (parazoinium?) in left and receives Victory on globe from Jupiter on right, holding long scepter.
<palm branch>XXI in exergue
RIC V.II Maximian 626, page 295, "Tripolis, 285 to 290"


PP

PAX AVGG
Pax standing left holding Victory on globe and transverse scepter, B in exergue
RIC V.II Maximian 399, page 266 "Lugdunum, 290-294"
Bastien 380 p.184, 7th emission, 2nd officina (290-291 AD)

MM

PAX AVGG
Consular bust left.
Pax standing left holding Victory on globe and transverse scepter, B in exergue
RIC V.II Maximian 399H, page 266 "Lugdunum, 290-294."  He was consul in 290 and 293.
Bastien 385 p.185, 7th emission, 2nd officina (290-291 AD)


MM

PAX AVGGG  [Three Gs, struck under Carausius in Britain]
Pax standing left holding out olive branch and with transverse scepter in left, S  P either side, MLXXI in exergue.
RIC V.II "Carausius, Diocletian, and Maximian, not listed (obverse legend not listed for London), otherwise as 34-36, page 555 "London"



MM

PRAESIDIA REIPVBLIC
Emperor on left receiving Victory on globe from emperor on right, with captive between. Each emperor holds a spear and supports a shield with his left.
XXIA
RIC V.II Maximian --.  Cf. 671 for Constantius I, page 301 and 716 for Galerius, page 308. Extremely rare.
"PRAESIDIA REIPVBLIC and the last emission of antoniniani at the mint of Siscia" by Davor Margetic, VAMZ, 3. s., XLV (2012), page 367, #13 this coin.


M 


PRIMIS X MVLTIS XX
Victory inscribing shield on palm "VO/TX", XXIE in exergue.
Consular bust left holding eagle-tipped scepter.
RIC V.II Maximian 513H, page 279, "Rome, 293-5"

 

 




SAECVLI FELICIT
Felicitas standing, head left, leaning left arm on column, right hand to the back of her head.
III in exergue
22 mm. 5.20 grams.
RIC V.II Maximian 416, page 268 "S, 294"

 

 


SALVS AVGG
Salus standing right holding snake 
feeding from left
Large, 24-23 mm.
RIC V.II Maximian 422. Lugdunum
Sear IV 13172 (but different obverse legend)
Bastien 409 p.189, 7th emission, 3rd officina (290-291 AD)

 

 


M

SALVS AVGG
Salus standing right feeding snake in her arms, "C" in exergue.
Consular bust left, holding eagle-tipped scepter.
RIC V.II Maximian 422, page 269, "Lugdunum, 290-294." He was consul in 290 and 293.
Bastien 416 p.190, 7th emission, 3rd officina (290-291 AD)

 

 



Maximian
SALVS AVGG
Salus standing right feeding snake in her arms, "C" in exergue.
Bust right, radiate and curiassed.
RIC V.II Maximian 422, page 269. Struck 290-294.
Bastien 410 p.189, 7th emission, 3rd officina (Spring 290-291).

 


MM

IMP C M AV VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG

VICTORIA AVGG
Emperor on left holding baton in left (parazonium?) and receiving Victory on globe from Diocletian on right holding transverse scepter. B in field, XXI in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 585, page 288 "Siscia, 291"






23 mm. 3.90 grams.
IMP C M AV VAL MAXIMIANVS P AVG

Almost as above, except P for PF and no officina number.
RIC V.II -- but otherwise like 586 from Siscia. 

 



VV

VIRTVS AVGG
Jupiter on left holding thunderbolt and long scepter, on right, Hercules holding club in left arm, D between.
RIC V.II Maximian 432, page 270, "Lugdunum, 285"
Bastien 71 p.129, 2nd emission, 4th officina (286 AD)


M      M
23 mm. 3.64 grams.
IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
VIRTVS AVGG
XXIA in exergue.
Hercules standing front holding club down in right and both trophy and lion-skin in left
RIC V.II Maximian 515, page 279, "Rome, 291"

 
VV
22 mm. 3.82 grams.
IMP C M AV VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM
Hercules standing right, resting right on club and holding bow and lion-skin in left. Γ in field left, XXI in exergue.
RIC V.II Maximian 591, page 289, "Siscia, 287"


 
VV
22 mm. 3.36 grams.
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG
VIRTVTI AVGG
Hercules standing right strangling lion, club thrown behind him, crowned by Victory flying right behind him.
RIC V.II Maximian 462, page 273, "Lugdunum, 289"
Bastien 233 p.159, 5th emission, no mintmark (287-289 AD)
 


MM

VOT/X M/XX in wreath
RIC V.II Maximian 468, page 273, "Lugdunum, 295"
Bastien 678 p.239, 12th emission, 2nd series, no mintmark (294 AD)

MM

VOTIS X
Two emperors standing face-to-face over tripod
RIC V.II Maximian 467, page 273, "Ludunum, 294"
Bastien 531 p.213, 10th emission, no mintmark (293 AD)

MM


VOTIS X
Two emperors standing face-to-face over tripod
Conuslar bust left, holding globe
RIC V.II Maximian 467 variety (bust type with globe is not in RIC), page 273 "Lugdunum, 294"
Bastien 530 p.212, 10th emission, no mintmark (293 AD)

References to RIC (Roman Imperial Coinage) are to volume V, part II, which has the pre-reform coins.

 



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