1st and 2nd Century AE imitations, Augustus and later

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Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD)

DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER (prototype struck by Tiberius c. AD 22 - 30)
arren Esty (c) 2001

DIVVS    29 mm. 6:30. 8.59 grams.

Very close to official style. Could this be official, although light weight?
    /PROVIDENT, altar, large S C
Prototype:  RIC Tiberius 81, "weight peaks 11.5 - 10.0 grams, dies mainly 12:00"
B&S VI, pp.87-100. This piece has letters very slightly irregular, but it is much nicer than any of the 13 imitations pictured on pages 98-99.
BMC Tiberius 147-150.
Ex Vecchi auction 12, lot 1092.

official DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER    AE28.  6:00.

Official DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER/PROVIDENT, altar. Prototype of the above coin, and of the reverse of the next.
Lovely red color.
RIC 81 "c. AD 22/23 - ? 30" under Tiberius.  "Asses c. 11.5 - 10.0 grams."
B&S Volume VI, pages 87-100.

AA   AE21. 10:00. 4.82 grams.

AVGVS / TRIBVN / POTES in wreath
SC surrounded by RVFVS IIII --- with two countermarks.
The coin appears to be an imitation of an as struck by C. Plotius Rufus, dated 23 BC. BMC Augustus has imitations of this obverse (which would be 150, plate 19.3). Countermarks are listed p.xxxii-xliii and neither is listed. The CAE countermark is identifed as of Tiberius. 

Augustus   AE25-23. 7.87 grams.

A crude Balkan imitation.
I don't know what this one is supposed to be.

For imitations of types of Claudius (AD 41-54), see here.

Nero (AD 54-68)
Nero Nero
Left facing bust/Victory left holding shield with SPQR                                                       and its prototype (except bust right)
Imitation: AE24.  6:00.  6.12 grams.  Cast, with an edge seam. Weak relief. Heavily patinated.
This prototype:  AE26-25.  6:00.  10.17 grams.
    left facing bust of Nero. Illegible legend, but prototype NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
    /Victory left holding shield with SPQR
    a light weight copy of a common as of Nero
Prototype:  RIC 312, BMC 244.  Sear 690 var.


Type of Roman Egypt,                                                                                                 and its prototype
lead imitation of a tetradrachm struck at Alexandria (picture will be fixed)
    bust of Nero right
    /bust of Poppaea right
Imitation:  lead 24.  12:00.  13.91 grams.  This prototype:  Billon 27-24.  12:00.  13.00 grams.
Prototype legend in Greek:  NEPO KlAVK KAIs sEB gEP AV
reverse legend:  [pi]O[pi][pi]AIA sEBAsTH
Prototype year 10, AD 63/64.
Sear GI:  664.
Cast imitation in lead. Casting bubbles evident, and the arc from the side 9:00/3:00 is from the casting channel. This piece might be very worn, but, more probably, did not have much detail to begin with.

Nero   AE21-19. 5:30. 4.40 grams.
Semis.  Garbled legends.
Laureate head right
    /approximation to PONTIF MAX - TRP IMP PP usually on a flan 2-3 mm larger.
    female seated left with patera
    SC below (very weak)
BMC 260, page 251, plate 45.4 or 398, plate 47.11, page 279 (with CLAVD for CLAVDIVS)

Domitian  (81-96)
Domitian  AE28.  6:00.  10.05 grams

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS X [some parts weak and uncertain], laureate head of Domitian right
    /SALVTI AVGVST legend retrograde, rectangular altar
A type of AD 84.
This is a full-size imitation in yellow metal. The obverse legend is almost complete while the reverse is retrograde.
It came with an old British ticket and may have been found in England.
References:  Prototype:  Sear 914.  BMC 291, page 361, plate 70.7

Trajan (98-117)
Trajan dupondius imitation  AE24. 4:30. 9.34 grams.
Weakly struck imitation dupondius (the crown is radiate).
Radiate head of Trajan right, with many small letters, illegible.
    /awkward figure left, legend ...TRPOT - COS IIII     [COS IIII was AD 101-2.]
    /in exergue, S C with "S" highly irregular.
This is not a "limes-falsa" as defined by Boon, because it is not a cast and it is heavy weight. He suggests heavy weight casts are of the Antonine period, but this is not a cast (in spite of the large number of tiny pits). Clearly, it is not cast from an offical coin.

Antoninus Pius  (138-161)
AP  AE25-24.  6:00.  11.41 grams.
Cast copy of an dupondius, AE 25-24
    radiate head of Pius right, ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS PP TRP COS IIII
    /Securitas seated left, holding sceptre, left elbow on back of chair, S C in fields left and right
    11.41 grams is full weight.
    Relief is low and edges are hammered (probably to hide the casting seam)
The prototype was struck 145-161 according to BMC, and in 146 according to Hill.
References:  Boon, "Light-weights..." NC 1965, pages 167-8 says these heavy casts are not what are known as "light weights".
Prototype:  Hill 702. BMC 1742. RIC 808.

AP  AE24.  5:30.  10.62 grams

Copy of a dupondius
    radiate head of Pius right, garbled legend possibly including ...HADR ANTO-N...
    /Hilaritas standing left holding palm and cornucopiae. S C on either side
Hill (p. 193) thinks the type may commemorate the adoption of Marcus. However, he dates the prototype to 144.

AP   AE30-29.  6:00.  15.16 grams.

Imitation of a sestertius
    laureate head of Pius right, traces of a legned right
    /female figure extending right arm and holding cornucopiae in left, S in right field
References:  Nothing similar in Boon.
Mabbott 4673 has one of Lucius verus "of Danubian origin."
FMRZ Lux I, plate III.316 is a crude "sestertius" of A.P.

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