Late Roman AE references


Roman Bronze Coins: from Paganism to Christianity, 294-364 AD, by Victor Failmezger. Hardcover. Large format. 156 pages plus 42 color page plates with almost all coin types illustrated. A convenient list of the types from the reform of Diocletian through Jovian, with historical references and many collector sub-types listed separately. A very useful book. Highly recommended.

Die Spatromische Kuperpragung, by Guido Bruck. Hardback. 101 pages, a pullout chart, and a map. A book for identifying late Roman bronze by design, legend and mint. Wonderful black and white drawings grouped by design show the minor differences that distinguish various mints. Most of it seems to be on-line here:
If you have 4th century Roman bronze, this is a great resource. The book even gives the numbers of each variety in the Vienna museum, which has an amazingly large collection. I have found this to be a very useful book. It does not picture any actual coins, but has line drawings of key parts with many large distinguishing details.

Roman Imperial Coins and Their Values, volumes IV and V, by David Sear. I like them as a list, but there is not much commentary except for a good, short, introduction to each reign.

RIC volumes VI - X.
    The standard reference work on all Roman coinage of the period from the reform coinage of Diocletian to the end of the empire. Essential for the advanced collector.

Late Roman Coins (in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and the Whittemore Collection: From Arcadius and Honorius to the Accession of Anastasius), by Grieson and Mays. Thick hardcover. 1992. 499 pages including plates illustrating 955 coins, with many bronze but including silver and gold. Very extensive discussion of the history and types with charts showing what was issued when. Excellent for the time period.

Late Roman Bronze Coinage, by Carson, Hill, and Kent. Hardcover. 114 page plus 4 plates. Cover 324-498. This book consists of two extensive studies preliminary to writing the corresponding RIC volumes, which have everything here and far more. The idea of the two articles was to create chronolocial outlines of the types and who issued them. The plates show one example of each reverse. If you can find it inexpensively it is helpful if you don't have RIC, but you won't enjoy its photos and it is just a list of types in order. Not recommended.

Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantini: Die Ostpragung des Romischen Reiches in 5. Jahrhundret (408-491), by Wolfgang Hahn. Large, but not thick, hardback. A comprehensive list of all Eastern mint (Constantinople, Thessalonica, and east from there) types from the period, including silver and gold, with every type illustrated and some with two examples and enlargements. Five large foldout time charts. 76 pages in German, mostly listing the types. 15 page-plates. Important for those who collect this period and want to see a concise list of types and the condition of the best examples of these types.

Specialized works:

Die Bronze-Teilstuck-Pragungen der romischen Munzstatte Trier, by Carl-Friedrich Zshucke. 65-page paperback in German with every one of the rare fractional bronze types from Trier (the only mint for them) of Diocletian - Constantine cataloged and illustrated, with notes on collections with examples. Essential for the sophistated collector who cares about these rare small types.

Die Romische Munzstatte Trier, by Peter N. Schulten. Small-format paperback with 52 pages and 10 page-plates orgzanizing all AE from Trier into issues, with at least one coin illustrating every issue, beginning with the inital issue of tetrarchal antoniniani and ending with the last issue of the sons of Constantine.  Very nice life-size photographs. Not necessary unless you want to emphasize Trier-mint coins.

The Sisak Hoard of Argentei of the Early Tetrarchy, by Aleksander Jelocnik. SITVLA 3, 1961. Very hard to find, although some photocopies may be circulating. 91 pages plus 15 page-plates. The huge hoard is cataloged and frequencies of the various types are given (but the frequencies are useful only for early issues. The hoard was buried not long after the introduction of the denomination). All the types are illustrated. Very important if you collect silver argentei.


Auction-Sale Catalogs:

M&M Basel 61  (10/82)  VHV and MV. MQP. 1466 lots of ancients on 72 ppl + 2 E. Divided into two parts. The first part of the catalog is a typical selection of VHV Greek and Roman coins. A second part is the Pierre Bastien Collection of late Roman AE. 239 G, 156 Roman Republican, 132 R, 9 spintriae, and then 926 lots of late Roman AE on 32 ppl. (Only tetrarchy and Constantinian family, not Valentinian and later.) All the late Roman AE are in outstanding condition and many lots consist of all the co-emperors of the same issue, although only one per type is usually illustrated. Over 40 of the rare fractional bronze are illustrated. This is the finest catalog of late Roman AE ever issued.
    late Roman AE (926 lots)

M&M Basel XIII (17-19 June 1954.  VHV. MQP. 1051 ancients among 1225 on 36 ppl + 2 E among 48. A spectacular collection of coins of the tetrarchy, including very many rare copper fractional pieces and many silver argentii and many antoniniani.  Also some late Roman gold, 99 outstanding PR, 260 G.
    Tetrarchy (345), including late Roman fractions (78) and silver argentii (138)

Lanz 100  (11/00)  "Sammlung Leo Benz" HV. HQP.  682 Roman imperial from Pertinax to 476 on 35 ppl + 7 color plates of enlargements
    late Roman

357  (1998, Oct. 28-30)  Two volumes. "W. Wild Collection of Celtic Coins and a collection of Roman Trier"  1232 ancients plus 9 ppl Arabic among 4380 on 50 ppl among 203 ppl. 194 Celtic and Gallic, 147 G, 7 Persis, 19 Parthian, 9 Sas, 21 RR, 829 RI including 468 of Roman Trier,, 40 stamp seals, 28 cylinder seals
    late Roman AE of Trier (468),  Celtic and Gallic (194)
343 (1995, April 26-28) Two volumes. 718 ancients among 2924 on 31 ppl plus 8 ppl Arabic among 157 ppl. 215 G, 18 Persis, 8 Elymais, 52 Parthian, 32 Sas, 17 RR, 367 RI including 196 late Roman Trier, 9 Arab-Sas, 12 Arab-Byz, plus 313 Arabic.
    late Roman AE of Trier (196)

[#3, unnumbered]  (11/1974) HV and MV. HQP. 728 ancients. 673 R, 63 Byz.  28 ppl + 4 of enlargments + 3 in color.
    late Roman AE, Trier mint (218 on 4 ppl)
7  (11/77)  1315 ancients. 200 G, 1004 R, 112 Byz including AE.  On 64 ppl + 2 of enlargments
    late Roman AE (among 252 late Roman), 308 Republican (on 14 ppl)
11  (11/81)  MV. HQP. 1052 ancients on 52 ppl + 5E + 6 ppl of cut stones.  222 G, 201 RP, 567 R, 17 DA, 9 Arab-Byz, 14 lead seals.
    late Roman AE (on 5 ppl), Roman provincial (201)
14  (5/84)  630 ancients among 963, on 29 ppl + 4E.  180 G, 406 R, 44 Byz.
    late Roman AE (on 6 ppl)
15  (4/85)  MV. HQP. Hardcover.  864 ancients on 39 ppl + 4 E + 1 color, among 54 ppl.  165 G, 668 R, 31 Byz
    late Roman AE (on 7 ppl)

Vecchi 5  (3/97)  1198 ancients on 69 ppl + 4 E among 92 ppl. 358 G, 618 R, 75 DA, 62 Byz, 9 Papal-Byzantine, also Arabic, Crusader, 22 Roman imitations
    sestertii, Papal-Byzantine AR, late Roman AE, Dark Ages, imitations, Turkoman AE (38)
13  (9/88)  1344 ancient among 1803 on 60 ppl (+ 5 ppl of enlargments of Meroningian and 4 ppl of enlargements of others) among 86 ppl. 49 Merovingian and related, 504 G, 435 R plus 84 5th C. AE4's, 84 Byz including AE and AR, 16 DA.
    Merovingian and related (49), 5th C. AE4's (84), weights (33), Roman lead tessera (10), imitations (21), Byz lead seals (39), Gallienus legionary (21)
14  (2/99)  MV. MQP. 1522 ancients among 1795 on 66 ppl + 6 E among 85 ppl. 65 DA,  7 imitations, 630 G, 130 RP, 520 R, 29 DA, 112 Byz including AE
    5th C. AE4's, Dark Ages gold (53), Dark Ages AE4's, Greek fractions
15  (6/99)  MV. MQP. 1789 ancients among 2003 on 80 ppl + 5 E among 100 ppl. 528 G, 93 RP, 639 R, 166 Byz including AE, 143 Celtic, 20 DA AE, 58 Anglo Saxon, 25 imitations, 16 lead tessera.
    Nabaetean, 5th C. AE4's, imitations, Celtic and early medieval

Malloy  LX (3/14/2001)  "Late Roman Coins from the John Aiello Collection" .  The usual poor paper and images you expect from Malloy, but a really fine selection of coins crammed into 21 page plates of tetrarchy to the end of the empire, and 12 of Gallienus to the tetrarchy, with 7 more of enlargements. Quite a few rare minor types.

Elsen 53 (3/14/98)  229 tetrarchy and later, mostly AE, some rare, followed by 275 Byz, many AE, followed by another 600 mixed ancients, including some more late Roman and Byz AE.


AAG 10  (6/79)  943 ancients among 1350 on 27 ppl among 39 ppl.  43 Celtic, 238 G, 430 R, 14 Byz
    Mauretania (8), late Roman AE (among 90)

MunzZentrum 64 (4/15/88)  "Sammlung Dr. Meyer-Coloniensis Teil III, Munzen der Romischen Kaiserzeit"  1138 ancients, photographed within, the final 320 are Diocletian and later, with many common AE and some rarer types.

Classical Numismatic Review 1992.4 [a CNG fixed-price catalog] (5th C AE4's.) a two-page articles on 5th C. nummi of successor states (14 pieces illustrated) 

Jacquier fixed-price list 5, Fall 1986.  100 excellent late Roman AE among 350 ancients, including some barbarous radiates.


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