The AE coins of JovianJovian
Roman emperor 27 June 363 - 16 Feb. 364.

A comprehensive list.  ("AE" refers to coins that are copper or almost all copper.)

When emperor Julian II "The Apostate" (or "The Philosopher") was killed during his invasion of the Sasasanian empire (Persia,
under Shapur II) the leaderless army chose Jovian to extract them from their predicament. He had to make a treaty that cost Rome territory, but managed to get the army out, only to die in his tent from carbon-monoxide poisoning from the brazier. He was succeeded by Valentinian after a reign of only eight months.

Jovian issued coins with four reverse legends:

AE1, c. 28 mm:  VICTORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing front, head right, holding labarum in right and Victory on globe in left (The coin at the right, from Constantinople)

AE3, c. 19 mm:  VOT V in two lines within a wreath

AE3, c. 19 mm:  VOT V MVLT X in four lines within a wreath

AE4, c. 14 mm:  VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory standing left holding wreath and palm


    The largest is scarce, but still very available. Both AE3's are common. They are "scarce" in RIC (Roman Imperial Coinage, volume VIII, by John Kent), but coins from mints in the east are much more common now than they were when RIC was written. The AE4 is
from Rome only and extremely rare ("R4" in RIC) and very seldom offered.
    There are several varieties:
Both AE3's come with obverse bust left and with bust right (but only from different mints--no mint has both left and right busts).
The AE1 comes with varieties of diadem: pearl-diadem, laurel and rosette diadem, and rosette-diadem.

The obverse legend is usually: DN IOVIAN-VS PF AVG
although some have an additional title: DN IOVIANVS PF PP AVG  (PF PP = Pius Felix Perpetuus, where PP is the later Byzantine usage, not the "Pater Patriae" of the early empire.)

Jovian assumed power in the east and most of his coins are from eastern and central mints. The western mints Amiens and Trier did not mint at all for him. Lyon and Arles minted only the the third type (with RIC listing one R5 exception, RIC Arles 335, which is a mule and not a regular issue). Which mints issued which types are listed below the illustrations.

 



VICTORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing, head right, with labarum in right and Victory on globe in left

Jovian AE1

28 mm. 6:00. 8.76 grams
ANTΔ
pearl-diademed, draped and curiassed
RIC Antioch 228
Failmezger 471




 

 


Jovian AE1

29 mm. 6:00. 8.50 grams
CONSPΓ
laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and curiassed
RIC Constantinople 176





 

 

 


Jovian AE1

28-27 mm. 6:00. 8.54 grams
TESΔ
rosette-diademed, draped and curiassed
RIC Thessalonica 237








This type was minted at Thessalonica (RIC 234-238), Heraclea (RIC 107), Constantinople (RIC 175-177), and Antioch (RIC 228-229).

 



VOT V in wreath

Siscia 423

20-19 mm. 6:00. 2.42 grams.
BSISC
bust right
Siscia 423




Siscia 423

19 mm. 6:00
HERACB
bust left
RIC Heraclea 108



 


This type was minted with bust right at Siscia (RIC 423-424), Cyzicus (RIC 133), Antioch (RIC 230-231), and Alexandria (RIC 92).
This type was minted with bust left at Heraclea (RIC 108-109) and Constantinople (RIC 178).

 



VOT V MVLT X in four lines in wreath

Siscia 426

20 mm. 6:00
ASISC
bust right
RIC Siscia 426


 

 


Sirmium 118

19 mm. 12:30. 3.34 grams.
BSIRM
bust right
RIC Sirmium 118


 

 


JJ
 
21 mm. Remarkably large. 12:00. 3.46 grams.
  TES
Γ
  bust right
  RIC Thessalonica 239
  This one has the longer obverse legend with
  PF PP  (Pius Felix Perpetuas)

 

 



Heraclea 110

20 mm. 12:00.
HERACΘ
bust left
RIC Heraclea 110


 



This type was issued with bust right at Lyons (RIC 241), Arles (RIC 334, 334), Rome (RIC 332-334), Aquileia (RIC 247), Siscia (RIC 425-426), Sirmium (RIC 118-120),  Thessalonica (RIC 239), Nicomedia (RIC 128-129), Cyzicus (RIC 132), and Antioch (RIC 230-231).
It was issued with bust left at Heraclea (RIC 110-111) and Constantinople (RIC 179).

 



VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory left with wreath and palm branch


RIC Rome 335
14 mm. 1.70 grams.
Mintmark, if any, not legible
RIC Rome 335 "R4" -- only a few known
In RIC Kent comments that the mintmarks on the two examples he is aware of are uncertain,
but one might be R


This extremely rare type was minted only at Rome.

 



Jovian was succeeded by Valentinian. See here for coins of Valentinian and later emperors.

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