Other Byzantine Mints

Page 1 illustrated coins from the main mints including Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch in Syria, Alexandria in Egypt, Carthage in North Africa, and Syracuse in Sicily. It also mentioned the unusal mint Cherson in Crimea. Other mints are much less likely to be encountered and some are mentioned on this page. Here is an off-site map of the Byzantine mints:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_mints . It gives a misleading impression of Byzantine coinage because most of those mints were open only for very short periods of time and issued very few coins. 

The page has the commonest type from each of Catania in Sicily, Rome in Italy, Ravenna in Italy, Seleucia in Isauria (Turkey, only under Heraclius 615-617), Salona (in modern Croatia, only under Justinian), and Cyprus (only under Heraclius). 


Heraclius, 610-641
14 mm. Thick. 3.74 grams.
10-nummus. His facing bust, weak
Large I, flanked by ANNO and X (619/620). 
CAT in exergue for Catania.

Sear 885. Catania mint. 



Heraclius, 610-641
15 mm. 3.27 grams.
20-nummus. Heraclius and son

Sear 889. Rome mint.


Ravenna in Italy:  

Justinian, 527-565.
17 mm. 4.53 grams.
10-nummus, year 36 = 562/3.

Some Ravenna-mint coins have "RAV" or even "RAVENN" of its name. This 10-nummia type lacks a mintmark and is by far the most common type from this mint.

Sear 326. Ravenna mint. 




Seleucia in Isauria: 

This coin is far better struck than most of its type. Nevertheless, the obverse legend which begins at 8:00 does not spell anything close to the name of the emperor, Heraclius (610-641).
31 mm. 10.51 grams. Follis.
The mintmark is legible:  SЄLISU
for Seleucia in Isauria (south central Turkey)
Year 7.
Sear 844. Seleucia mint.

This is a very rare mint. It struck only folles and half-folles under Heraclius during years 6-8. There are similar coins, even rarer, with ISAVR for Isauria in exergue. Some think these belong to a second mint in the Cilician mountains, but I think it is the same mint with a different mintmark.


Heraclius, 610-641
27-26 mm. 11.04 grams.
Clear ISAV... mintmark, but the year should be GII of GIII,
so the X/U is from the undertype. (The exergual line of the undertype is visible below the U and out of line with the exergual line of the overtype. You can see the right side of the "M" is uneven).
Sear 848 variety.
This coin is in terrible shape, but so are most with this mintmark.

Salona (very near Split, in Croatia):  

Justinian, 527-565. Justinian was the only emperor on coins of Salona.
14-13 mm. 1.38 grams.
Salona issued 40-, 20-, and 10-nummus pieces, each with no additional symbols to identify the mint. 
Sear 332. Salona mint.


Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.

Heraclius, 610-641
30-21 mm. 4.72 grams. (Very large for the type.)
Three figures standing facing (Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Martina)
M, with year 17 (626/7).
KYΠPI   (for Cyprus)
Sear 849.
The mint is unusual, but this issue was large and it is not rare.

The mint of Cyprus, probably at the city of Constantina, was open only years 17-19 of Heraclius. Later, under Constantine IV, it reopened for a short while but not for minting new coins, rather only for countermarking previous coins with a Constantinian monogram. 

Other Mints.  There are a few other mints, but all their coins are very rare. Consult reference books to learn about them.

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